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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 7th November 2005

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 7th November 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Japan, where authorities have ordered the culling of 180,000 chickens at a poultry farm after avian flu antibodies were found in the birds on Friday, a local official said. Tests showed that chickens at a farm in the town of Ibaraki, north of Tokyo, had been exposed to the H5 strain of avian flu, although the virus itself was not detected, an official at Ibaraki prefecture said.
     "It is not the case that there were abnormalities, that there was a rise in the death rate among chickens," the official said, adding that although antibodies were found, the chickens apparently did not develop symptoms.
     Due to the lack of a virus, it may be hard to pin down the exact strain of avian flu the chickens were exposed to, he added. A total of 1.48 million chickens have been culled in Ibaraki prefecture between June - when a bird flu outbreak was first detected there - and mid-October.

The Chinese government has invited the World Health Organization to assist in its investigation into three possible human cases of avian influenza in Hunan province, state-run Xinhua news agency has reported. China's Ministry of Health is currently diagnosing in the cases as "pneumonia of an unknown cause" but said they cannot be excluded as human cases of H5N1 - an often deadly strain of the bird flu virus.
     Xinhua reported that discussions are under way between China and WHO to determine what assistance the international health body can provide. The talks come as more than 300 health experts gather for a three-day conference at WHO headquarters in Geneva to draft a global strategy against bird flu.

Nearly 9,000 chickens have died in China's fourth bird flu outbreak within a month, the Ministry of Agriculture said on Friday. The outbreak occurred in Badaohao, a village in the northeastern province of Liaoning, where chickens were found dead on local farms last week.
     Laboratories on Thursday confirmed the cause of death as the H5N1 strain of bird flu. Authorities destroyed 370,000 other birds in the vicinity and another 13.9 million had been vaccinated, the ministry said. Ministry officials believe the virus was spread by migratory birds.

China is pressing on with drafting and revising laws to safeguard the welfare of poultry and livestock and to ensure food security and public health as the bird flu problem has aroused the worldwide attention.
     A new law on stock farming is being drafted and the existing law on animal epidemic prevention is being revised, said Assistant Minister of Commerce, Huang Hai, last Thursday.
     Some European experts asserted that bird flu was connected with the improper breeding of birds and poultry. "The swine streptococosis endemic, a pig-borne disease, which took place in southwest China's Sichuan Province this July was found to have direct links with the foul environment for raising pigs," Huang said.

In this weeks broiler report, eFeedLink say that the bird flu situation did not have significant influence on AA broiler prices in China in the week ending Nov 2. It only has a slightly greater impact on the prices of China breed broilers.
     Although the bird flu has been effectively contained, bans on exports of poultry from affected provinces have not been lifted. With the situation under control, broiler prices are likely to recover in the week ahead although substantial gains in prices are not likely, they conclude.

In Hong Kong, people feeding pigeons or ducks face a hefty fine where authorities, fearing an outbreak of avian flu, are trying to reduce human contact with wild birds. A $HK1500 ($260) fine will be slapped on anyone caught throwing bread crusts or other food scraps to the city's flocks of birds.
     The move comes as concerns mount that feral and migratory birds may be spreading the H5N1 flu virus to poultry flocks around the world. "The droppings of feral pigeons may help spread harmful germs," deputy director of housing Lau Kai-hung said in a statement on Sunday.

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In South Korea, some 1,000 ducklings have died under mysterious circumstances at a poultry farm on Jeju Island, but authorities found no signs of bird flu. The Jeju Provincial Administration said Wednesday 1,000 out of 1,200 one-to-two-month-old ducklings died Tuesday at a duck farm.
     Health officials said tests of samples taken from the dead birds by Jeju Poultry Research Center did not find them infected with avian influenza or other respiratory viral infections. However, Jeju has asked the National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service to conduct a thorough examination and culled the remaining birds at then farm.

In Thailand, senior government officials and international organizations will meet next week to map out regulations to separate pigs and poultry in separate production pens on local farms, in a bid to reduce the opportunity for bird flu virus to jump from species to species.
     The move is also aimed to lessen the likelihood of an avian influenza epidemic in the country, Thai News Agency (TNA) reported. The Agriculture and Cooperatives Minister said that her ministry had planned to issue a new regulation concerning raising poultry with other animals next week.

A bird flu pandemic risks triggering a global recession, the Asian Development Bank said on Thursday, as Indonesia treated three young children suspected of being the latest victims of the virus. Five Southeast Asian nations said they would boost cooperation to fight the virus, which has killed 62 people in Asia and infected 122 since late 2003.
     U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan told a conference in New York on Thursday that bird flu's rapid spread could spell the end of a lifestyle dominant in much of Asia and Africa, where people live alongside their domestic animals.
      The ADB said a year-long shock from bird flu in humans would cost Asian economies as much as $283 billion and would reduce the region's gross domestic product by 6.5 percentage points, hitting the trading hubs of Hong Kong and Singapore the hardest.

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Indian poultry has gained access to Japan's market, according to K.S. Money, Chairman, Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority. This breakthrough came at a time when bird flu threatened neighbouring Asian countries, reports eFeedLink.
     Money said Japan was "one of the most sophisticated and the toughest market to crack" due to its high quality standards. But the country has recently allowed imports of Indian poultry products. He also expressed optimism that bird flu was unlikely to affect India's poultry sector, which now had a "better chance of getting a bigger share of the world market."

South Africa, the world’s largest exporter of ostrich meat, is taking extensive measures to prevent a bird flu outbreak that could cripple an industry still reeling from a year-long ban on exports. As migratory birds from Europe and Asia head for Africa, South African ostrich farmers, who are mainly based in the southern Cape, are taking all possible steps to prevent a crisis.
     “It could be a disaster for us. We are more alert and farmers know what the outcome can be if avian flu can happen,” Oudtshoorn ostrich farmer Joey Fourie told AFP. Some 26 000 ostriches have had to be culled in the Oudtshoorn area of the scrubland Karoo in the past year after testing positive for a less virulent strain of bird flu than the deadly H5N1 variety.

In Australia, Queensland chicken farms that are near wetlands inhabited by migratory birds are a "perfect" environment for the spread of avian influenza, an international veterinary expert has warned. "You should prepare for avian flu," said Nigel Horrox, a London-based authority on poultry and disease.
     "You have the perfect scenario for introducing the disease. It's the very close proximity of wild birds and commercial poultry. The closer the two, the greater the chance that disease will move from the former to the latter."

Reaching new peaks of performance
Reaching new peaks of performance

In the US, the high-tech machines and white coat detectives make the Georgia Poultry Diagnostic Laboratory in Hall County one of America's most important places - right on the front line in the fight against avian flu, reports 11alive. “Because we are the leading poultry producer in the nation, we are also the leading poultry laboratory network in the nation as well. We have an aggressive surveillance program for avian influenza,” said James Scroggs, the executive director of the Georgia Poultry Lab Network.
     Other states are modeling their A.I. response and preparedness after Georgia’s, they say. “What it would involve is the immediate isolation of the farm, destruction of the birds, immediate disposal, safe disposal of the birds. And then monitoring, really strict monitoring, of all the farms around the affected farm,” said Williams.

The EU's offer to cut farm tariffs by as much as 60% falls short of expectations because the proposal allows exemptions that would block key exports said United States officials. "While in some ways it is a step in the right direction and we acknowledge the European Commission's efforts, much more needs to be done", said US Trade Representative Rob Portman.
     Earlier in the day EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson on making the proposal announcement said that "by any measure this is a very bold move indeed. It goes way beyond anything we've offered before", and "must unlock immediate progress" on other areas, such as services and industrial products.
     In the face of fierce opposition from France, the 25-nation EU offered to trim agriculture tariffs by 35% to 60%, and implement a cap that would limit remaining duties to no more than 100% of the value of an import.

VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant
VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant

In Italy, farmers handed out free pieces of roasted chicken to tourists and Italians alike in Rome's famed Piazza Navona last week. The giveaway was the centerpiece of the latest European public relations campaign to reassure consumers that it's still safe to eat chicken and turkey despite the spread of bird flu in Eastern Europe.
     The $20 billion European poultry industry is trying to head off a public panic after the recent discovery of infected birds in Russia, Romania, Turkey and, last week, Croatia. Health officials have confirmed that the virus carried by the birds is the same highly contagious strain that struck Asian flocks in 2003, costing the region's poultry industry more than $10 billion in lost sales and birds.
     Throughout Europe, retail sales of chicken and turkey have fallen 10% to 40% since Oct. 1, with the largest declines in Italy, France and Belgium.

The Farmers Union of Wales has blasted the idea that farmers should be required to pay a disease levy. The idea was repeated in a report published recently by the Public Accounts Committee. The FUW said farmers should not have to pay a levy as the government was to blame for the 2001 foot-and-mouth epidemic.
     “The simple fact is that it occurred because of inaction and lack of investment in stopping the importation of diseased meat,” said Gareth Vaughan, the union’s president. “The truth is that foot-and-mouth also spread so rapidly in 2001 because the government failed to act quickly enough to halt animal movements across the country.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 features this week.

Assessing The Results Of The EU Ban On Antibiotic Feed Additives
By Hector Cervantes, DVM, MS, Dip. ACPV, Manager, Poultry Technical Services, Phibro Animal Health Corp. - The European Union (EU) banned the use of avoparcin, a widely used antibiotic feed additive in food-producing animals in 1997. The ban was carried out against the advice of the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition (1,22), a panel of experts composed of animal scientists from various EU countries.

Optimising Nutrient Intake
By Marcus Kenny, Tecnical Development Manager - Nutrition, Aviagen - Poultry feeds are formulated to a specific nutrient concentration to support bird performance. However, growth will be dependant on the bird's nutrient intake.

Necrotic Enteritis
By Stephen A Lister and published by DuPont Animal Health Solutions - Necrotic enteritis was first described in chickens in England in 1961. Since then it has been reported in most poultry producing countries around the world. Early workers reproduced the disease by infecting chickens with the bacterium Clostridium welchi (now known as Clostridium perfringens).

That's all for this week.

Ed.

Arbor Acres - Helping Success take Shape
Arbor Acres - Helping Success take Shape


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