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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 21st November 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 21st November 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Canada, where tests have confirmed a farm duck in British Columbia has a non-lethal, North American strain of Avian Influenza but health officials will still cull about 60,000 poultry as a preventive measure, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency said on Sunday.
     Health officials around the world have been on the watch for the Asian strain of the H5N1 virus that experts fear may mutate so it is easily transmitted among humans and possibly cause a pandemic. There are nine known N strains of the H5 virus.
     Initial tests last week found an H5-type strain in the duck during routine tests. Health officials immediately quarantined the farm, located in the Fraser Valley, east of Vancouver.

In the US, Renessen LLC, a joint venture in Illinois of Monsanto Co. and Cargill Inc., is preparing to market the first crop genetically engineered for animal feed. The product, corn that carries added lysine in each kernel, should reach poultry and swine producers in the United States and Argentina in 2007 or 2008, the company said.      It is meant to replace synthetic supplements of lysine, an essential amino acid, that producers now buy and mix into feed. It also is the first big commercial launch for Renessen, which has digested nearly $444.5 million in investment from its co-owners but has yet to produce a return.

The soybean market appears to be a little overpriced based on current U.S. and world supply, consumption, and stocks forecast, particularly if U.S. soybean acreage increases in 2006, said a University of Illinois Extension marketing specialist.
     "Current prices are likely reflecting uncertainty about a number of factors," said Darrel Good. "Those uncertainties may include the South American growing season - weather and soybean rust - and renewed concerns about soybean rust in the United States in 2006.

In Minnesota, America's largest turkey producing state, farmers are taking extra steps to fight the bird flu. 62,000 turkeys pass through one Nobles County farm every year, so a case of avian flu could turn into a devastating disease.
     Turkey grower Jeff Barber is taking steps to protect his birds. He adds chlorine and other chemicals to their drinking water to kill dangerous bacteria. He explains, "Turkeys are very bad when it comes to fighting off disease and infections because they have a very bad respiratory system."

Proteins called bacteriocins, produced by bacteria, can reduce Campylobacter pathogens to very low levels in chicken intestines and could help reduce human exposure to food-borne pathogens, ARS scientists report.
     The scientists evaluated tens of thousands of bacterial isolates from poultry production environments. ARS microbiologist Norman Stern and his colleagues have found promise in numerous organisms for anti-Campylobacter activity, namely Bacillus circulans and Paenibacillus polymyxa.

The European Union has lifted its import ban on ostriches and their meat from South Africa and is satisfied that avian influenza is no longer present in the country, the EU's Official Journal said on Friday. South Africa declared itself free of bird flu in September and then sent a final report on its animal health situation to the European Commission, asking the EU to lift its import ban.
     "The information contained in the final report shows clearly that the outbreak in the Republic of South Africa has been contained and that the disease is no longer present in the country," the Journal said in its latest edition.

In the UK, supermarkets are losing their grip on the organics market, figures from the Soil Association's latest annual report show. With total organic sales growing by £2.3m each week, the multiple retailers saw their share of the market slip from 81% to 75% during 2004.
     The whole market is now worth more than £1.2bn a year, 11% more than in 2003. At least £300m of that total is channelled through farm shops, farmers’ market and box schemes. This part of the sector saw sales mushroom by 33% this year, while independent shops increased their organic sales by 43%.
     Patrick Holden, director of the Soil Association, said: “This report shows that the popularity of organic food is growing steadily and the organic market has a bright future.

Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry

The Brazilian Poultry Exporters Association (Abef) estimates that chicken exports up to the end of 2004 may generate revenues of approximately US$ 2.5 billion, a growth of 40% when compared to last year. With regard to the volume shipped, it may reach 2.4 million tons, a 25% increase in comparison to 2003. If these figures are confirmed, it will be a new historical record for the sector.

South Korean imports of livestock products jumped nearly 40% in the first nine months of the year from a year ago, a state-run agricultural corporation said last Tuesday. According to the Agricultural and Fishery Marketing Corp, imports of beef, pork and poultry shot up 38.5% from a year ago to US$1.74 billion in the January-September period.
     The figure is close to last year's total imports of $1.75 billion. Chicken imports skyrocketed 146.5% to $86.4 million, while inbound shipments of pork swelled 91% to $463 million.

As a result of the bird flu crisis, a large majority of poultry farms in Asia are losing business. Korean poultry farmers have seen their profits decrease dramatically since the outbreak of the virus, according to Korea's Kukmin Daily.
     Seok Nou Gil has operated his chicken farm in Korea for more than 30 years. Just recently he has had to dispose of more than 11,600 chickens. Adding to the loss, Gil says that he will also not be able to sell eggs. "Farmers like me have been destroyed by the media's overblown coverage," complains Gil.
     Gil Jong Park, who also runs his own poultry farm, recently got rid of 12,000 chickens. "Normally I sell a 1kg chicken for US$1.50, but now it sells for only US$0.50." Korea's largest insurance provider has even begun offering Avian Influenza coverage. Large numbers of poultry companies have already applied for the protection, known as AI insurance, and this number is expected to increase.

In China, new outbreaks of highly pathogenic bird flu have been reported in the northern Shanxi Province and a village near Urumqi City in the northwest Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the Ministry of Agriculture announced yesterday. On November 10, 8,103 chickens raised in Gaoyang Town of Xiaoyi City died. Two days later, eight chickens died in a village near Urumqi City.
     Local veterinary departments suspected that they were highly pathogenic bird flu. On Wednesday and Thursday, the national bird flu lab diagnosed that both cases were the H5N1 highly pathogenic bird flu. The Ministry of Agriculture has paid great attention to the bird flu outbreaks in the two regions, sending expert panels there quickly and enhancing blockage, slaughtering and innocuity disposal.
     In Zongyang, Anhui, people who have had close contact with the confirmed two bird flu human cases have showed no abnormal symptoms, local governments said on Thursday.

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

China ordered local governments to report outbreaks of avian influenza and other animal diseases within four hours of discovery to China's cabinet, the State Council, as bird flu spreads in the country.
     Under the new rules, county and city governments must report animal epidemic outbreaks to the provincial government within two hours, the State Council said in a statement issued yesterday through the official Xinhua News Agency.
     China was criticized last year by the World Health Organization for its slow response to an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, that infected 8,098 people globally, killing 774. China on Nov. 16 reported the country's first cases of H5N1 bird flu in humans.

China's plans to vaccinate billions of chickens against avian flu could backfire and end up spreading the disease, poultry and vaccine experts warned last week. Vaccination teams can easily carry the virus from farm to farm on their shoes, clothes and equipment unless they change or sterilize them each time, the experts said. That could be particularly difficult in a country like China, where the veterinary care system is underfinanced and millions of birds are kept in small flocks by families.
     Also, experts said, the task is likely to be overwhelming, because the Chinese eat about 14 billion chickens a year, so mass vaccinations would have to be repeated again and again, while the risk of the disease being reintroduced by migratory birds, in which it is now endemic, would be constant.
     Vaccinators were partly to blame for an outbreak of exotic Newcastle disease in California that lasted from 1971 to 1973, Dr. Carol Cardona, a poultry expert at the University of California at Davis, said last week.

In this weeks broiler report, eFeedLink say that broiler prices were generally lower in China in the past week as authorities continue with their effort to control the bird flu situation. In less than a month, China has been plagued by successive outbreaks of the bird flu, which had a great impact on broiler markets in the country.
     Local sales and consumption remained generally sluggish with the suspension of boiler exports and closure of poultry markets. News of fresh outbreaks in Huainan county, Anhui province, in the past week had caused broiler prices to fall further.

In Vietnam, bird flu has spread to a quarter of all provinces as officials on Friday reported the latest outbreaks in two new northern area's. Thai Binh and Bac Ninh provinces are the newest ones to be hit by the H5N1 strain of bird flu, making 17 of the country's 64 cities and provinces infected in the last month.
     Vietnam has been battling the H5N1 virus since it emerged across poultry farms in late 2003. At least 67 people have died in the region from bird flu, with about two thirds of those deaths in Vietnam. The country has taken increasingly tough measures against bird flu as the winter months approach, when the virus is most likely to spread.

In Indonesia, last weeks broiler prices were down from weakened demand and egg prices have been generally stable. The Jakarta administration has increased the minimum wage of workers to Rp 819,100 (about US$81) for 2006, an increase of 15%. "We can understand that the increase is due to ballooning living costs of workers" said Association of Indonesian Retailers' secretary general Handaka Santosa.
     One broiler producer in Jakarta said that the production cost for each kilogramme of broiler has increased by 8%. However, with the rather high farm-gate live broiler prices in the past two weeks, producers have reaped a profit, reports eFeedLink.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

Croatia has decided to hand out 25,000 chicks to farmers in two regions whose flocks were destroyed because of a bird flu scare, an agriculture ministry spokesperson said on Sunday, citing a current low risk from the disease. The risk from the feared H5N1 strain of avian flu was now "almost non-existent" in Croatia, said the spokesperson.
     Health authorities detected pockets of the highly pathogenic strain of the H5N1 virus among swans found dead in the villages of Zdenci and Nasice towards the end of October, and responded by killing all poultry within 3km of both sites.

Experts are developing a bird flu warning system that maps migratory routes to help alert countries at risk of receiving infected species, AP quoted UN officials as saying Sunday. A pilot project of the warning system is expected to be operational in six months, while the final plan should be running in two years, said Marco Barbieri of the UN Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.
     The system will help experts recommend that farmers move poultry away from key wetlands and offer hygiene advice, said Britain's Biodiversity Minister Jim Knight.

Company news

Aviagen, the world’s leading poultry breeding company, is once again embracing innovative technologies to improve the way in which they select their breeding stock. Following the publication of the entire chicken genome in December 2004 the company is launching a major new initiative to develop genomics technologies which will identify specific genetic markers for naturally occurring traits.
     Using this new technology alongside the existing selection process, Aviagen will be able to provide additional information to its geneticists to identify superior stock in the breeding programme.

Suguna Poultry Farm has signed a long-term agreement with Dutch hatchery technology company Pas Reform for the supply of its Smart incubation system at four hatcheries in India. The agreement was signed with Managing Director Mr. B. Soundararajan to include four hatchery sites at Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnatka and Andra Pradesh, for the exclusive supply of SmartSet™ setters, SmartHatch™ hatchers, SmartDrive™ incubator control systems and SmartCenter™ hatchery information systems.
     Suguna is one of India’s leading poultry companies, with a steadily increasing global presence. Having successfully established operations in the Middle East through a joint venture with Supreme Foods Co. Limited, the company is now poised for expansion into the Japanese market with the supply of specialised poultry meat products.

Hatchery Automation Systems - Improved quality and reduced costs
Improved quality and reduced costs

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 new features this week.

Maximising uniformity through top-level hatchery practice
By Ir Lotte van de Ven, Pas Reform Hatchery Technologies - The greatest challenge for modern hatchery is to achieve uniform, high vitality flocks of day old chicks. Next to incubation technology, good hatchery management can greatly influence this. Uniformity is an important issue for a hatchery, and the use of good hatchery management practices can make a valuable and lasting contribution, from the hatchery right through to farm level.

Introduction Aqualution
By Forum Bioscience - Aqualution® is a groundbreaking innovation for the poultry industry, with major benefits for the environment, animal welfare, food safety and the producer's bottom line.

Effects of Extended Storage on Egg Quality Factors
D. R. Jones and M. T. Musgrove, Russell Research Center, Egg Safety and Quality Research Unit, USDA ARS - This article contains an abstract from the Poultry Science Association's August 2004 journal.

That's all for this week.


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