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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 19th December 2005

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 19th December 2005
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  Welcome to this weeks newsletter
Seasons Greeting for everyone at ThePoultrySite.com
Wishing Everyone Seasons Greetings from ThePoultrySite.com team

Due to the Christmas and New Year break please be aware the next newsletter will be on the Tuesday 3rd January 2006. The site will however be updated over the festive period so there is no need to go without!
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* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Switzerland, where the government cancelled an order requiring farmers to keep their poultry indoors on Friday as fears of avian flu causing a global pandemic in humans waned, according to PlanetArk.
     The order, imposed on October 25, was lifted according to schedule, Swiss media said, as the risk that chickens, turkeys, ducks and other domestic fowl of being contaminated by migratory birds had largely disappeared.

In Korea, the bird flu virus has been discovered in migratory birds near the 38th Parallel. According to a recent report, 50 cases of low-pathogenic AI infections were discovered in eight areas between October 1 and December 11.
     The discoveries were made after researchers collected and analyzed about 3,000 bird fecal samples from 24 habitats of migratory birds across the country and the off-limits area near the inter-Korean border. Out of eight infections discovered in Sihwa Lake, one is reported to be the H5 strain.

Zimbabwe has banned exports of poultry and ostrich after confirming an outbreak of AI, veterinary officials said on Friday. The outbreak was detected during routine checks last month at two ostrich farms in the western Matabeleland province, said Dr Stuart Hargreaves, head of the Agriculture Ministry's veterinary services unit.
     Tests confirmed the presence of the H5N2 strain, regarded as less dangerous than the H5N1 variety that has ravaged chicken farms across Asia and killed at least 71 people since 2003, reports Mail&Guardian Online. Neighbouring South Africa suffered a similar outbreak last year, and led to the culling of 26,400 birds at 37 farms, but Hargreaves said no culling was needed in Zimbabwe. "The ostriches show no clinical signs whatsoever. The birds are absolutely normal," he said.

An Indonesian man has died of bird flu in an affluent neighbourhood of the nations capital, reports Ireland Online. Previously, nine confirmed human deaths have occurred in the last six months, most of them in or near the sprawling capital of more than 10 million people. Ten turtle doves found 50 yards from the latest victims house tested positive for the disease and were immediately killed, said an Health Ministry official.

Chinese state media said on Friday, a 35-year-old man in an eastern province had become infected with the potentially deadly H5N1 strain of the virus after an outbreak was reported in ducks in his village, making it the 6th human case.
     Some 1,640 ducks in Guo's village in the eastern province of Jiangxi have died of bird flu and 15,000 birds in the area have been destroyed to stop the outbreak, the China Daily said. The government says it has nearly completed a campaign to vaccinate all of China's 5.2 billion domesticated birds against the virus.

China announced Thursday a package of preferential tax treatment to the poultry sector, in a bid to help the sector tide over the impact brought by avian flu outbreaks. The Ministry of Finance and the General Administration of Taxation said tax departments will exempt value added tax on poultry meat processing through returning the value added tax on poultry meat the time it was collected from poultry processing firms during November 1, 2005 and June 30, 2006.
     The government would also exempt poultry farming and processing business from corporate tax this year, and it will make preferential tax arrangement for those firms next year based on real situation of the sector, the two departments said in a statement.

In Taiwan, fecal samples taken from migratory birds in Guandu tested positive for bird flu last week. This was the third time this year that the HN-virus strain has been found in Taiwan and with the infection "danger period" between January and March coming up, Council of Agriculture officials warned the public to take extra precautions to avoid catching the flu.
     In a routine fecal sampling by the Wild Bird Federation, the low pathogenic strains of H5N2 and H7N3 viruses were found in marshlands in Guandu.

Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry

Vietnam is losing 1,140 billion Vietnamese dong (VND) (US$71.25 million) in the sales of chickens and eggs each month due to the bird flu, according to the chairman of the Vietnam Poultry Association. Tran Cong Xuan, quoted by local newspaper Vietnam News, said that the disease scare had caused 40 million chickens and 300 million eggs unsold each month. "If the market continues to be frozen until the expected end of the epidemic in next March, the total loss will be 5,700 billion VND (US$356.25 million)," he worried.

The 16 countries participating in the first East Asia Summit have pledged to cooperate fully to overcome the avian flu threat. Leaders of 10 Asean countries and their Chinese, Japanese, South Korean, Australian, New Zealand and Indian counterparts agreed to be “transparent” and to report any outbreak quickly.
     They pledged to spare no effort to contain the epidemic by tightening national policies on the prevention and control of emerging infectious diseases.

Romania confirmed cases of bird flu in five villages in and around the Danube delta last Thursday after test results from a British laboratory detected the H5N1 virus, officials said. Bird flu was detected in the villages earlier this month but Romania does not have the capacity to test for the highly pathogenic strain and sends samples to the UK for confirmation, according to Reuters.
     "Results from Weybridge laboratory confirmed the deadly H5N1 virus in samples from Bumbacari, Dudescu, Ciocile, Periprava and Agighiol," Nicolae Stefan, head of the Animal Health and Diagnosis Institute said.

In the Ukraine, the H5N1 strain of bird flu has spread to new villages in the Crimea peninsula, officials said on Wednesday. Prime Minister Yuri Yekhanurov said he hoped emergency measures invoked to contain the outbreak in the peninsula could be repealed by the New Year. "The situation ... with bird flu in Crimea remains difficult. There are more cases of infection of domestic birds," a statement said.
     Instances of bird flu had now been detected in 25 villages in Crimea, it said, with the H5N1 strain confirmed in 11. Nearly 54,000 birds had been rounded up and destroyed in affected villages and 513 residents remained under medical observation.

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In France, preliminary tests on a prototype of a pandemic flu vaccine show promise, scientists said last week. The vaccine is based on the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu which has killed at least 69 people in Asia since 2003. Experts fear the virus, which has already jumped from birds to humans, could mutate into a form that is rapidly transmitted among people and cause a flu pandemic.
     Scientists at Sanofi-Pasteur, the vaccine division of French pharmaceutical company Sanofi Aventis SA, said that the addition of another ingredient, alum, to the flu shot seemed to boost the potency of lower doses. That would mean that supplies of the key element of the vaccine - known as the antigen - could be stretched further, allowing more people to obtain the shots in an emergency.

Within the UK food industry, new research has revealed that suppliers of fruit and vegetables and fresh meat, fish and poultry are the most likely sectors to experience consolidation. David Cockburn, director at Grant Thornton Corporate Finance, said: "Consolidation through mergers and acquisitions or portfolio re-alignments, and through company failures, has been a feature of the food industry for over 100 years.
     "As external factors such as demographic changes, retailer price pressures and increased competition from overseas imports make themselves felt, food suppliers are having to make their business strategies increasingly innovative and cost-effective.

Turkey sales have increased in the run-up to Christmas despite recent bird flu fears, a leading retailer said today. Sainsbury's reported a 25 per cent rise in the number of fresh turkey sales between December 9 and 13 compared to the same time last year. Peter Bradnock, chief executive of the British Poultry Council, said reports about bird flu had prompted some customers to get orders in early. "If anything, people were concerned that if we got avian flu then there wouldn't be any turkey around."

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

Poultry keepers who have more than 50 birds will have to register their flocks as Scotland steps up the effort to guard against bird flu. Environment and Rural Development Minister Ross Finnie announced the new register yesterday. It follows similar moves by Defra earlier last week. Mr Finnie said: "The register will enhance our understanding of the poultry industry and ensure that we can respond quickly and effectively to any outbreak of disease.

In the US, lawmakers believe consumers have the right to know they're eating meat produced in America, and are trying to re-instate the law included in the 2002 Farm Bill but never implemented to do just that. Supporters of country of origin labeling, say it will boost consumer confidence and fatten the wallets of livestock farmers by creating more demand for U.S. meat.
     Opponents believe COOL will cost too much money for little or no benefit. They don't believe most consumers are willing to pay the cost of program, which will be passed on by processors. Opponents think it is too burdensome for packers and farmers.
     Under COOL, all muscle cuts of beef, lamb and pork; ground beef, lamb and pork; farm-raised and wild fish and shellfish; perishable agricultural commodities like fruits and vegetables and peanuts must be labeled at retailers to indicate their country of origin.

Company news

Two new technical appointments have been made by Cobb Germany to strengthen support for customers in central Europe. An experienced poultry veterinarian, Dr László Körösi has been appointed market manager for Hungary, while Piotr Czaplicki joins Cobb Germany as technical manager in Poland.
     "We very much believe in giving our customers high quality direct technical and sales service," says James Truscott, director of Cobb Germany. "We are extremely proud to welcome László Körösi who will also be involved in sales, and Piotr Czaplicki who is concentrating on broiler parent stock, to our team of experienced specialists working in our market area of 20 countries.

Hendrix Genetics and Natexis Industrie have signed a Definitive Agreement in which Hendrix Genetics will acquire Compagnie Internationale de Volailles from Natexis Industrie. A Letter of Intent was announced by the parties on 22 September 2005. Both HPB and ISA will be fully owned in parallel by Hendrix Genetics and together will constitute its egg layer breeding division.
     The combination of ISA and HPB will create a global co-leader company with an excellent product range in both white and brown egg layer genetics and with a production and distribution structure to supply Parent Stock from production centres on 4 continents.

Hatchery Automation Systems - Improved quality and reduced costs
Improved quality and reduced costs

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week.

The Economics of Avian Influenza Control
By David Halvorson, Ilaria Capua, Carol Cardona, David Frame, Daniel Karunakaran, Stefano Marangon, Giovanni Ortali, Don Roepke and Brian Woo-Ming and published by the University of Minnesota - When large numbers of flocks get low pathogenic avian influenza (AI), different types of control programs have different costs associated with them.

US Poultry Outlook Report - December 2005
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the December 2005: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Poultry Industry data.

Non-Feed withdrawal molting
By A. Bruce Webster Extension Poultry Scientist, University of Georgia - Induced molting is an important practice for many egg companies in the United States because it minimizes costs associated with the growing of replacement pullets and disposal of spent flocks.

Effect of Sand and Wood-Shavings Bedding on the Behavior of Broiler Chickens
S. J. Shields, J. P. Garner, and J. A. Mench, University of California and published by Poultry Science - The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of 2 different bedding types, sand and wood shavings, on the behavior of broiler chickens.

That's all for this week.

Ed.

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