Study Examines Factors Affecting Farm Biosecurity08 January 2013
THAILAND - Biosecurity levels at contract broiler grower farms tended to be better than on cooperative and individual ones, according to new research from Thailand. Factors that affected the biosecurity level included farming pattern, farm ecology, compliance with governmental measures and policies and the ability to invest in biosecurity system.
Biosecurity levels of contract farm with company were better than cooperative and individual ones. The difference of biosecurity levels was due to the farming pattern, farm ecology, the compliance to governmental measures and policies and the ability to invest in biosecurity system of each group. As a result, the scores of biosecurity differed.
These are the conclusions of a study by Huo Wei from South China Agricultural University and Worapol Aengwanich of Mahasarakham University in Thailand, published in International Journal of Poultry Science.
The objective of their study was to evaluate the biosecurity levels of Poultry Production Clusters (PPCs) in Thailand.
Biosecurity levels of poultry farms in the PPCs were determined with criteria specified in biosecurity score form in three provinces i.e., Mahasarakham (contract farm with company), Nakhon Phanom (cooperative farm) and Nong Khai (individual farm) in the Northeast region of Thailand. In each province, biosecurity levels were evaluated both in the controlled group and in the cluster (15 farms each).
Biosecurity scores were compared between farms in the controlled group and the cluster and among the three provinces.
From the results, it was found that scores of attractiveness to wild bird, measures for visitors and traders, measures for equipments and vehicles of poultry farm, local environment, measures taken at the entrances to poultry sheds in poultry farms and biosecurity plans of poultry farmers in Mahasarakham were significantly higher than in Nakhon Phanom and Nong Khai (p<0.05).
The score of measures related to staff of the poultry farms in Nakhon Phanom was significantly higher than those in Nong Khai (p<0.05).
The score of feed quality in Mahasarakham and Nong Khai was significantly higher than that in Nakhon Phanom (p<0.05).
In Mahasarakham, scores of local environment and biosecurity plans of poultry farmers of the controlled group were significantly higher than those of the cluster (p<0.05).
In Nakhon Phanom, scores of attractiveness to wild bird, measures for incoming poultry, measures for visitors, measures taken at the entrances to poultry sheds and biosecurity plans of poultry farmers in controlled group were significantly higher than in the cluster (p<0.05).
Wei H. and W. Aengwanich. 2012. Biosecurity evaluation of poultry production cluster (PPCs) in Thailand. International Journal of Poultry Science 11(9): 582-588.
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