OIE Reports Further Newcastle Disease Outbreaks in Cyprus10 July 2013
CYPRUS - The Cypriot veterinary authorities have reported seven further outbreaks of Newcastle disease in Lefkosia and Paphos.
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) received follow-up report no. 3 on Tuesday, 9 July. According to the report, the causal agent has been identified as Avian paramyxovirus 1.
On 22 June, an outbreak occurred in Paphos at a backyard holding consisting of 46 pet poultry, 45 laying pullets, 14 pigeons, 14 quails, three turkeys, ducks ducks, one goose and 64 other small birds. Deaths were observed in pet poultry and laying pullets. APMV-1 was isolated on 30 June 2013. However, the situation was resolved on 30 June.
An outbreak in Astromeritis, Lefkosia, took place on 25 June and was resolved on the same date. The outbreak occurred at a backyard holding where the APMV-1 was isolated on 3 July 2013.
The third outbreak occurred in Mammari, Lefkosia, on 26 June. Nine laying hens died in a backyard holding. The APMV-1 was isolated on 3 July 2013. The situation was resolved on the same date as the outbreak (26 June).
The fourth outbreak took place in Agioi Trimithias, Lefkosia, on 30 June in a backyard backyard holding consisting of 67 ducks, 51 pigeons, 48 laying hens, 37 laying pullets, 29 broilers, three guinea fowls and two quails. Deaths, clinical signs and post-mortem lesions consistent with Newcastle disease have only been observed in chickens. APMV-1 was isolated on 5 July 2013, and the situation was thus resolved.
The fifth outbreak happened in Geri, Lefkosia, at a backyard holding consisted of 22 laying hens. APMV-1 was isolated on 5 July 2013. The situation was resolved on 2 July.
The sixth outbreak occurred in Prodromi, Paphos, on 2 July. This was also at a backyard holding comprising 28 laying hens. Sudden deaths and respiratory signs were observed. The situation was resolved on 5 July.
The seventh and final outbreak occurred in Agioi Trimithias, Lefkosia, on 3 July. The backyard holding consisted of 58 pet poultry, 16 turkeys, 15 guinea fowls and 1 duck. APMV-1 was isolated on 8 July 2013. The situation was resolved on 5 July.
To summarise, a total of 589 birds showed signs of susceptibility, out of which 133 cases were reported. 103 deaths were recorded and 486 birds were destroyed.
The source of the outbreaks remains inconclusive.
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