Mississippi Study Highlights Importance of Correct Diagnosis for Fowl Cholera02 January 2014
US - A new study highlights the importance of correct diagnosis and antibiotic sensitivity testing before antibiotics are used in broiler and broiler breeder flocks when fowl cholera is suspected.
A recent study at Mississippi State University highlights shows the necessity for producers to attempt culture and sensitivity in suspect fowl cholera-like flocks before initiating antimicrobial treatment commonly used with Pasteurella multocida for fear that the culprit may actually be the more antimicrobial-resistant Gallibacterium anatis.
In Poultry Science, K.H. Jones and colleagues at the University's College of Veterinary Medicine describe a five-year retrospective study (November 2006–December 2011) to determine the isolation frequency of P. multocida and G. anatis and their antibiograms from chickens submitted to the Mississippi Poultry Research and Diagnostic Laboratory.
The number of isolations of G. anatis increased over the last five years in broiler and broiler breeder type chickens.
For P. multocida, the number of isolations increased from 2006 to 2010 but decreased through 2011 with all isolations being from boiler breeder type chickens.
G. anatis demonstrated almost complete resistance to novobiocin, tylosin, lincosamide and tetracycline antimicrobials with moderate to high sensitivity to sulphonamides, fluoroquinolones and florfenicol. There was intermediate sensitivity for spectinomycin and erythromycin and variable resistance to β-lactam and aminoglycoside antimicrobials.
In sharp contrast, P. multocida showed moderate to high sensitivity to β-lactam, novobiocin and tetracycline antimicrobials but had antibiograms similar to G. anatis for the other antimicrobials.
Sensitivities were determined using minimum inhibitory concentration.
This study examined the trends over a five-year period of the number of isolates of P. multocida and G. anatis and their sensitivities.
Jones and co-authors stressed that these two pathogens produce very similar clinical signs and lesions (fowl cholera-like) in breeders despite having extremely antagonistic sensitivity patterns. This study shows the necessity for producers to attempt culture and sensitivity in suspect fowl cholera-like flocks before initiating antimicrobial treatment.
Jones K.H., J.K. Thornton, Y. Zhang and M.J. Mauel. 2013. A 5-year retrospective report of Gallibacterium anatis and Pasteurella multocida isolates from chickens in Mississippi. Poult. Sci. 92(12): 3166-3171. doi: 10.3382/ps.2013-03321