Hatchery Project Aims to Boost Day-old Chick Production in Togo10 July 2014
TOGO - An international project has been set up to support the African country to produce sufficient high-quality day-old chicks for its broiler industry, an issue identified as holding back local production.
In commercial poultry husbandry practice, the hatchery takes over the incubation of bird eggs in order to provide as many day-old chicks as needed at any time to farmers. The main bottleneck for poultry industry development in Togo is the lack of day-old chick supply, according to K. Tona of the University of Lome in Togo and co-authors there and at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium and Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands.
The researchers report in International Journal of Poultry Science that there is no proficient hatchery to cover the needs of the farmers because of lack of information about hatchery management or people trained as hatchery managers. Also, there is lack of information about management practice aspects, etc.
With the aim to promote poultry industry in Togo, an inter-university project with the Dutch and Belgian partners as a model of poultry industry development was implemented.
Specific objectives of the current project are to implement research and development activities on better conditions of incubation and adapted management practices focusing mainly on:
- effect of early transferring of layer breeders hatching eggs on embryo parameters and hatchability,
- comparison of different chicken genotypes in embryo physiology
- effects of heat conditioning at days 16 to 18 of incubation or during early broiler rearing on embryo physiology, post-hatch growth performance and heat tolerance
- effect of low albumen quantity on chick embryo and post-hatch parameters
- effects of in-ovo administration of L-carnitine on hatching events and juvenile performance of layer-type chick
- interaction effects of mixing hatching eggs of differential embryo growth trajectory and incubator carbon dioxide concentration on embryo physiological parameters
- effect of delayed feed access on production and blood parameters of layer-type chicks and
- induced moulting of layer chickens.
Tona K., A. Agbonon, K. Eklu-Gadegbeku, A. Teteh, P. Simons, J. Buyse, N. Everaert, B. Kemp, E. Decuypere and M. Gbeassor. 2014. A model for promoting poultry industrydevelopment in Togo: Part 1. Management practices and incubation conditions. International Journal of Poultry Science. 13 (3): 176-184.
You can view the full report by clicking here.