ANALYSIS - Fine examples of the rewards that can be reaped when farmers and scientists work together to solve problems were put in the spotlight at a conference in the UK this week, reports Jackie Linden.
A conference held at Stoneleigh Park last week explored how farmers can find out about better ways of working and how links can be made between farming, research institutions and commercial companies to make progress in tackling today’s challenges in food production.
That need has never been more urgent with the human population forecast to reach eight billion by 2030 and a 50 per cent increase required in food production by that date – forecasts made by the UK’s chief scientific adviser, Dr John Beddington, in his 2009 report which coined the term ‘a perfect storm’ for the growing demand for food globally at a time of climate change.
Jointly organised by the EU’s Animal Task Force and Innovation for Agriculture in the UK and sponsored by Devenish Nutrition, the theme of the Innovative Farming conference was ‘How can farming contribute to innovative research?’
Sourcing Innovative Ideas
The head of Innovation for Agriculture (IFA), David Garner, said that the idea of researchers informing farmers about new developments became outdated when changes to UK government policy led research institutes to focus on basic research, leaving industry to fund applied research and disseminate the results.
He explained that the UK’s deteriorating position in farming output over the following years was partly down to the fragmentation of research efforts, and that his organisation was set up to reconnect farming and research and enabling these groups to learn from each other.
Mr Gardner cited the examples of declining soil fertility and blackgrass, a weed which has proved hard to control. Farmers are using their experience to try different arable practices to tackle these issues and passing on their experience to scientists, who are looking into the possible reasons why they worked – or did not – and how the successful approaches could be refined.
Another important function of the IFA is to ensure that other interested farmers can easily find out the results of this collaborative research through conferences and workshops as well as on-line.
Chairman of the conference, Jan Venneman, is vice-president of the Animal Task Force (ATF), which was set up in 2011 as a European public-private platform for researchers, farmers and industry to promote a sustainable and competitive animal production sector in the EU. Covering the whole animal production chain, it aims to foster knowledge and innovation throughout the region.
ATF’s theme for 2015 is ‘Precision Animal Farming’, he explained. This will cover a range of topics from feeding, health, housing and breeding to agricultural technology and data management.
Delivering Sustainable Agriculture
As a farmer and scientist as well as Director of Agriculture for Devenish Nutrition, Dr John Gilliland has all-round view of sustainability in agriculture.
He is aiming to make his farming system resilient to climate change so that it can contribute to future food security, stressing that this must start with profitability.
As a farmer, sustainability means delivering food and energy security, improving diversity and water quality and adapting to and mitigating climate change but also, profitability now and for the next generation, he said.
Dr Gilliland showed that the application of research can deliver benefits to the environment as well as improved productivity. Progress in genetic selection, for example, has greatly improved the performance of broilers and growing pigs while reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 26 and 20 per cent, respectively, since 1988.
Using an example from his company, DeviGuard is a nutritional answer to the disease, Post-weaning Multisystemic Wasting syndrome (PMWS), which improves pig growth after viral infection. Treated pigs are healthier, have higher slaughter weights, make more profit and produce lower GHG emissions per kilo of meat produced, he said.
Finally, he expressed his frustration at legislators, who sometimes penalise the innovators of new techniques by not allowing them to claim financial support offered to later adopters and whose rules may be overly prescriptive to the point of being contrary to their original aims.
Importance of Communication
In his comments on future challenges, Dr Gilliland highlighted the vital importance of communication in the transfer of knowledge, stressing that the message needs to be clear and delivered to the right target audience in the right way.
This view was confirmed by most of the other speakers. One, however, offered a different view, however.
Richard Matson of Twemlows Stud Farm invested £100,000 of his own money in a project with the University of Liverpool to develop new techniques to overcome fertility problems in horses. Understandably, he said he does not wish to disseminate the results to his competitors.
Case Study: Innovations in laying hen welfare
One enthusiastic supporter of the collaboration of scientists with agriculture is poultry farmer, David Brass of Lakes Free Range Egg Company.
He sees innovation as an opportunity, as he said: “Innovations can get you into the top 10 per cent and there is always profit in the business when you are doing well.”
His successes include working with scientists at the Food Animal Initiative (FAI) and his leading customer on the benefits of planting trees in the range for his hens, which included better use of the outside area by the birds, improved performance and higher productivity.
Stressing the need for farmer engagement and open and honest working, Mr Brass said he has also worked together with scientists on projects investigating smothering, red mite control, end-of-lay egg quality and managing hens without beak-trimming.
Case Study: Modern Dutch poultry building design
On a special visit from the Netherlands, egg farmer Willy Derks described his innovative hen house, the Rondel. Housing 30,000 hens, it is one of two designs from the University of
Wageningen resulting from discussions with many stakeholders to meet the needs of the birds, farmers, workers, consumers and the environment.
The ideas of the Rondel were picked up, developed and marketed by the Venco Group and his house, built in 2012, is the third house in the country. Now with his third flock, Mr Derks said he is very satisfied with all aspects of the system.
Top image via Shutterstock