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USDA International Egg and Poultry


12 June 2013

USDA International Egg and Poultry: TaiwanUSDA International Egg and Poultry: Taiwan

Taiwan had imposed a ban on slaughtering live poultry at traditional markets starting June 17, 2013 as a preventive measure. The ban came in response to concerns about H7N9 avian influenza (AI) spreading in mainland China even though no cases had been discovered on the island. However, depending on how the virus spreads, the ban slaughtering live poultry could be instated earlier.
USDA International Egg and Poultry

On April 24, 2013 Taiwan’s Central Epidemic Command Center confirmed Taiwan’s first case of AI H7N9 in a person. This AI H7N9 case was the first incident confirmed outside of mainland China. As a result, Taiwan moved up the ban on slaughtering live poultry in live poultry markets to May 17, 2013. The Taiwan government had tried 3 other times since 2003 to close traditional poultry markets and shift operations to certified slaughter houses.

Currently, approximately 1,050 vendors slaughter a total of 20,000 birds every day in Taiwan in local traditional markets. Taiwan also has 79 licensed poultry slaughter houses that kill 356 million birds annually. The local vendors produce primarily “tugi” birds, not western-style broilers. The number of fresh-kill vendors had been decreasing before the ban implementation due to changing consumer preferences to larger, western style grocery stores and the increasing number of people eating outside of the home.

On May 2, 2013 Taiwan’s Central Epidemic Command Center announced a cash incentive program for poultry slaughter houses and wet market vendors. The cash incentive program was announced ahead of the May 17, 2013 ban on live poultry slaughter at traditional wet markets as a means to not only speed up the transition, but also to ensure a stable supply of poultry meat and reduce the impact of the ban on wet market vendors’ livelihoods.

Recently a local media poll found that as reports were surfacing of the continued spread of AI H7N9 in mainland China, 30% of Taiwanese consumers were claiming to have reduced consumption of poultry meat and egg products. Taiwan government officials believe the reduced consumption of poultry meat and egg products is temporary unless the disease continues to spread to the island and/or additional human cases are confirmed on the island.

Taiwan is 85% self-sufficient in poultry with poultry imports rising in recent years. Taiwan’s estimated broiler meat production for 2013 is forecast to be 5% below 2012’s. Total broiler meat imports for 2013 are forecast to increase 4% from 2012. Taiwan’s 2013 estimated broiler meat consumption as a result, will be slightly reduced.

For 2012 United States (U.S.) poultry export destinations Taiwan ranked 6th for broiler and turkey meat, 5th for other poultry meat and 9th for egg and egg products. U.S. broiler meat exports to Taiwan increased considerably over the last 10 years. The export increases are more dramatic when compared to U.S. turkey meat and other poultry meat export categories for the same time frame. Since 2003 the other poultry meat export category to Taiwan has consisted mostly of frozen chicken paws and feet.

U.S. January-April 2013 cumulative total poultry exports to Taiwan are 35% lower on broiler meat, 42% lower on turkey meat, up over 22,000% on other poultry meat and 15% higher on egg and egg products. The big jump in the other poultry items category exported to Taiwan so far to date in 2013 has consisted mostly of frozen chicken paws and feet.

When compared to 2013, come 2022 Taiwan’s poultry production (includes broilers and turkeys) is projected to increase 3%, poultry imports to increase 6% and total domestic poultry consumption to increase 4%.

Sources: Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Statistics/USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service; USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service, Official USDA Estimates; ThePoultrySite; USDA/FAS GAIN Reports TW13014 and TW13017; USDA, Economic Research Service, 2013 International Long-Term Projections to 2022.

Taiwan Total Estimated Broiler Meat Consumption, Production & Import Comparisons (1,000 Metric Tons)

Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service Official USDA Estimates

 

Taiwan U.S. Broiler Meat, Turkey Meat & Other U.S. Poultry Meat* Import Comparisons (1,000 Metric Tons)

*Consists Primarily of Frozen Chicken Paws and Feet
Source: Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Statistics/USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service

 

Taiwan U.S. Broiler Meat, Turkey Meat & Other U.S. Poultry Meat* Imports January-April Comparisons (Metric Tons)**

*Consists Primarily of Frozen Chicken Paws and Feet
**May not total due to rounding
Source: Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Statistics/USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service

June 2013

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