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USDA International Egg and Poultry


13 February 2014

USDA International Egg and Poultry: NAFTA, the First Twenty YearsUSDA International Egg and Poultry: NAFTA, the First Twenty Years

On January 1, 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico (NAFTA) entered into force creating the world’s largest free trade area. All remaining duties and quantitative restrictions were eliminated, as scheduled, on January 1, 2008.
USDA International Egg and Poultry

Trade between the United States and its NAFTA partners has soared since the agreement entered into force. Between 1994 through 2013, exports of poultry meat and products rose 423% in value and 390% in volume. World exports increased 351% and 270% respectively during the same period.

Shell egg exports (excluding hatching eggs) increased 736% in value and 492% in volume, compared to 354% (value) and 227% (volume) for total world exports over the past 20 years. Egg products exports grew 435% (value) and 267% (volume) compared to world exports that were up 285% (value) and 193% (volume) during the same period.

Exports to Canada are constrained by Canada’s system of supply management. Most of the increase is due to strong export activity to Mexico. Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Mexico also contributed to strong demand over the past two years.




The United States is also in negotiations of a regional, Asia- Pacific trade agreement, known as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement with the objective of shaping a high-standard, broad-based regional pact.

Source: www.ustr.gov, www.oie-int

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