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USDA International Egg and Poultry


03 December 2014

USDA International Egg and Poultry 2 December 2014USDA International Egg and Poultry 2 December 2014


USDA International Egg and Poultry

Angola

Angola's growth rate averaged more than 17% per year from 2004 to 2008. GDP growth for 2013 is estimated at 5.6%. Angola’s high growth rate in recent years was driven by high international prices for its oil. Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about 85% of GDP. Diamond exports contribute an additional 5%. Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for most of the people, but half of the country's food is still imported.

Angola’s agricultural sector employs 85% of the labor force, but only accounts for 10.2% of GDP. Most of Angola’s agricultural production is subsistence-based and rain-fed, with low productivity levels. Over 90% of all food products in retail stores, restaurants, and hotel business are imported. For fresh meat, several retail chains bring it in through air freight from South Africa, EU, Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay due to the lack of cold storage or reefer plug-in facilities at the port.

Broiler meat production has grown slowly, increasing from 8,000 tons in 2004 to an estimated 26,000 tons in 2015. Imports of broiler meat grew at a faster rate, rising from 85,000 tons in 2004 to an estimated 350,000 tons in 2015. Income growth is strengthening demand; total domestic consumption is expected to reach 376,000 tons in 2015, up 7% from 2014 (350,000 tons).

 

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N8

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was first reported in Korea on January 17, 2014 followed by: Japan on April 13; China on October 24; Germany on November 6; Netherlands on November 16; and the UK on November 17. Germany reported an outbreak of H5N8 in fattening turkeys in North East Germany on November 6, 2014.

The holding keeps about 31,000 fattening turkeys. The source of the infection is unknown. The Dutch outbreak was reported on November 11 and the British outbreak on November 17; the Dutch outbreak involved 150,000 layer and breeding hens; the British outbreak was on a Yorkshire farm housing 6,000 60-week old breeding ducks. Autumn is a time with high wild bird migrations, especially waterfowl. There is an increased risk of incursion of avian influenza into the poultry sector through direct and indirect contact with wild birds.

Experts hypothesize that the virus may have travelled during the spring season from eastern Asia into the breeding ground of migratory birds in Central Asia; these migratory birds may now be carrying the virus with them as they migrate into more moderate climates. Since early 2013 several new avian influenza virus strains have been reported in East and Southeast Asia. In March 2013, H7N9 emerged in China; it is of low pathogenicity in birds but can cause lethal pulmonary infection in mammals without prior trans-species adaptation. H10N8 was reported in December 2013, causing three human cases in China; H5N8 emerged the month after and was the cause of at least 40 poultry outbreaks, mainly in the Republic of Korea but also in Japan and China.

This was followed by the first reports from China and Lao Peoples Democratic Republic in early May 2014 describing outbreaks in poultry caused by a highly pathogenic H5N6. The finding of a H5N3 subtype was r

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