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USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review


05 May 2015

USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review - 5 May 2015USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review - 5 May 2015


Poultry

US poultry production is revised 1% higher to a record 18.0 million tons on increased slaughter and heavier weights. Despite increased supplies, US exports are revised 9% lower to 3.0 million tons due to a stronger dollar and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) related trade restrictions with some countries. Broiler meat exports by major traders are revised 5% lower as declines in Brazil and the US more than offset gains by the EU. Brazil’s shipments are constrained by slow economic growth in a number of countries despite opportunities in markets currently restricting the US. Argentina’s exports to Venezuela are expected to contract due to economic weakness in Venezuela and lower oil prices. Angola’s imports are forecast to decline due to temporary trade restrictions and currency shortages. The entire report is available on the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/circulars/livestock_poultry.pdf.

Avian Influenza Update in the US: Since December 2014, the USDA has confirmed several cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza HPAI H% in the Pacific, Central, and Mississippi flyways (or migratory bird paths). The disease has been found in wild birds, as well as in a few backyard and commercial poultry flocks. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) considers the risk to people from these HPAI H5 infections to be low. No human cases of these HPAI H5 viruses have been detected in the in the US. As of April 17, 2015 full-country bans on US live poultry and poultry products were imposed by 12 trading partners that accounted for $744 million or 12% of total poultry exports in 2014. Regionalized bans on US live poultry and poultry products have been imposed by 37 trading partners accounting for $4.2 billion or 67% of total poultry exports in 2014. No HPAI-related restrictions or regionalization protocols have been imposed by roughly 110 other trading partners accounting for 22% of total poultry exports in 2014. Angola falls under this category with $264 million worth of US poultry imports emerging as the third most important export market for US poultry. 

The H5N8 HPAI has been confirmed in Washington, Oregon, California, Utah, Nevada, and Idaho. H5N2 HPAI has been confirmed in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Missouri, Minnesota, Arkansas, Kansas, South Dakota, Montana, North Dakota, Wisconsin, and Iowa. A novel strain of H5N1 HPAI has been confirmed in Washington, which different from the H5N1 HPAI strains in Asia and North Africa.

On April 13, 2015 HPAI was detected in a commercial flock of table egg layer chickens in Jefferson County, WI with a loss of 180,000 birds. On April 20, 2015 HPAI was detected in a flock of 3,800,000 commercial table egg layer chickens on a farm in Osceola County, Iowa. Iowa is the nation’s largest producer of table eggs for human consumption with 19% of total US production in 2014. These birds represent 7% of the total egg layer chicken flock and 1.2% of total US table egg layer chicken flock. On April 22, 2015 HPAI was detected in a flock of 800,000 commercial table egg layer chickens in Jefferson County, MN. On April 23, 2015 HPAI was detected in a flock of commercial table egg layer chickens in Clay County, MN with a loss of 275,000 birds. More cases of HPAI were detected April 24, 2015 in a flock of commercial table egg layer chickens in Jefferson County, WI (1,031,000 birds) and April 27, 2015 in a flock of commercial table egg layer chickens in Sioux County, Iowa (1,700,000 birds). USDA APHIS made more HPAI confirmations April 28, 2015 in commercial table egg layer flocks in Iowa (Sioux County 3,660,000 birds, O’Brien County 338,000 birds, and Osceola County 258,000 birds).

Prior to April 24, 2015 HPAI outbreaks have occurred in 55 commercial turkey farms in the upper Midwest for a combined reported loss to date of 3,166,000 birds with Minnesota farms accounting for 81% of the loss or 5.5% of the total number of turkeys slaughtered in Minnesota in 2014. Prior to April 24, 2015 21 affected farms in Minnesota and Wisconsin have reported losses totaling 1,900,000 commercial turkeys representing 67% of commercial turkeys lost in Minnesota, 100% lost in Wisconsin, and 61% of all commercial turkeys lost in the 5 states in the upper Midwest since March 27, 2015. More HPAI detections were made April 24, 2015 at a commercial turkey farm in Sac County, Iowa (33,900 birds), which is about 6 miles from the first outbreak in Buena Vista County, Iowa, as well as at a commercial poultry farm in LaMoure County, North Dakota (71,500 birds) and a commercial turkey farm in Kandiyohi County, Minnesota (177,900 birds). On April 27, 2015 USDA APHIS reported more confirmations of HPAI at commercial turkey farms in Stearns County, Minnesota (26,900 birds), Barron County, Wisconsin (83,300 birds), and Redwood County, Minnesota (pending).

In the latest World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) released on April 9, 2015, USDA lowered the broiler export forecast for 2015 to 6.680 billion pounds, a reduction of 420 million pounds from the March projections. The recovery in exports after US-wide highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)-related restrictions has been limited by weak economic growth in a number of key markets and the strong dollar. Turkey exports were also reduced as the strength of the dollar makes it difficult to expand exports in the face of HPAI restrictions from a number of countries. Turkey exports were forecast at 720 million pounds for the year, down 45 million from the March projections. The egg export forecast was unchanged at 405 million dozen. USDA APHIS made more HPAI confirmations April 28, 2015 in commercial turkey flocks in Minnesota (Stearns County 19,100 birds, Steel County 82,900 birds, Swift pending, and Kandiyohi 8,400 birds and pending more).

Source: USDA AMS/USDA FAS/USDA APHIS/USDA FSIS/USDA OCE/ProMED/OIE (World Organization for AnimalHealth)/News Wires

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