Finnish Agriculture and Rural Industries 2010 - Poultry Meat

The output of chicken and turkey meat in Finland has increased significantly since the country joined the European Union, according to Jyrki Niemi and Jaana Ahlstedt of Agrifood Research Finland.
calendar icon 6 July 2010
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In 2009, poultry meat production in Finland totalled 94,900 tonnes. Since 1996, poultry meat production has increased by 124 per cent. The production of turkey meat has grown the most – almost seven-fold. Its impact on total production volume is still quite small because 90 per cent of the poultry meat produced in Finland is broiler meat.

The production of broiler meat totalled 94,900 tonnes (-5 per cent from 2008) and that of turkey meat was 8,900 tonnes (-13 per cent from the year before). The forecasts for 2010 are 86,500 tonnes of broiler meat and 8,500 tonnes of turkey meat.

In 2009, a total of 95,400 tonnes of poultry meat were consumed in Finland. This is 90 per cent more than in 1996. Now, the poultry meat products are more highly processed than before and the share of poultry meat in the total consumer expenditure on meat has grown. Broiler meat consumption totally 86,200 tonnes and that of turkey meat, 8,900 tonnes. The consumption forecasts for 2010 are 89,000 tonnes and 9,000 tonnes, respectively.

Before 1995, very small quantities of poultry meat were exported from and imported to Finland. In 2009, poultry meat imports consisted of 8,700 tonnes of broiler meat (+14 per cent) and 1,700 tonnes of turkey meat (-17 per cent). The imports came from, for example, Brazil, Thailand, Sweden, France, Denmark and Germany. The share of high-value-added products has grown so that in 2009, more than half of imports consisted of prepared meats. The share of boneless parts of the carcass meat imports is also considerable. Broiler meat imports represented 10.1 per cent and turkey meat imports 18.8 per cent of domestic consumption.

Poultry meat exports totalled 11,100 tonnes. Of the exports, 9,800 tonnes was broiler meat (-1.0 per cent from the year before) and 1,300 tonnes was turkey meat (+9.0 per cent). The main targets for exports were Estonia, Russia, Hong Kong and Latvia.

Production of beef, pigmeat, poultrymeat and eggs in Finland from 1995 to 2009
(Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry)

Livestock production in Finland from 1995 to 2009
(Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry)

Producer Prices

When Finland joined the European Union in 1995, both the price support paid for agricultural products and producer prices decreased. Price reductions were to some extent compensated by increased direct income support. Of the main livestock products, the price of eggs fell the most (-65 per cent) and the price of milk the least (-28 per cent).

The market prices of livestock products in the EU influence their prices in Finland but Finnish prices also have special characteristics. The average producer price for poultry meat in 2009 was €1.27 per kilo, which was four per cent lower than the year before. The increase in the price of feed cereals first increased and then decreased the prices paid for poultry meat. The price for broiler meat was €1.24 per kilo, which was five per cent below 2008 but 10 per cent higher than in 1996.

Producers prices for the most important livestock products in Finland from 1999 to 2009, including production support
(€/100kg; milk, €/100 litres. The figures include estimated retroactive payments

Market prices for livestock products in selected EU countries in 2009

Producer prices for beef, pig meat, poultry meat and eggs in Finland from 1995 to 2009
(Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry)

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.

Further Reading

- You can view the report on egg production in Finland by clicking here.

July 2010
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