New air testing detects campylobacter in chicken flocks more frequently

Detecting campylobacter in chicken has quadrupled with a method developed by researchers at the Technical University of Denmark.
calendar icon 27 December 2021
clock icon 4 minute read
The scientists in the AIR-SAMPLE project have used this type of air sampler to improve the rates at which campylobacter is detected in chicken flocks.
The scientists in the AIR-SAMPLE project have used this type of air sampler to improve the rates at which campylobacter is detected in chicken flocks.

© DTU Fødevareinstituttet

Campylobacter bacteria are the cause of the vast majority of registered cases of foodborne illness in Europe. In fact, the bacteria caused 246,571 registered cases of foodborne illness in 2018, which equates to 70% of all registered cases in Europe that year.

An important tool to prevent campylobacter from making people sick is good data on where in the food chain the bacterium is present. A research project led by the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, has developed a new test method that quadruples the likelihood of identifying campylobacter-positive chicken flocks.

Being able to identify campylobacter-positive flocks before they arrive at the slaughterhouse is a huge advantage, because this way they can be slaughtered after the negative flocks in order to avoid cross-contamination along the production line.

Four-day wait time for test results

Many chicken producers throughout the EU use the ’sock method’ to test whether the bacterium is present.

The person in charge of testing puts gauze around their footwear and takes a walk through the chicken house. The gauze is placed in a growth medium for 48 hours during which time any bacteria that were trapped in the gauze can multiply many times.

The liquid is then put onto agar plates, which are left for another 48 hours to allow the bacteria to grow, thereby making it possible to determine if the flock is infected with campylobacter. As such, it takes more than four days before the producers know whether their flocks are positive when they use the sock method.

Two hour response with new method

A new test method, developed by researchers at the National Food Institute in partnership with European colleagues, yields test results in just two hours. The method makes use of a type of mini-vacuum cleaner. It is fitted with a special filter, which collects the bacteria in the chicken house.

The filter is analysed with a PCR-test, which isolates DNA and determines whether campylobacter bacteria are present in the sample and in what quantities. The method was developed as part of the EU project, AIR-SAMPLE.

Comprehensive testing

The researchers have conducted comprehensive field testing in four EU member states in Northern, Southern, Central and Western Europe. The researchers used Norwegian chicken flocks as negative control, as chicken faeces from Norwegian flocks are normally campylobacter-negative.

The tests found no infections in Norway. The results also show that the likelihood of detecting campylobacter in a chicken flock has quadrupled with the new method. That is, up to four times more chicken flocks show signs of campylobacter being present when the new method is used compared to sock samples.

Read more about the ideas behind the new test methods on the project’s website: AIR-SAMPLE. You can also watch a YouTube video about the concept: Air sampling - a low cost screening tool for animal production.

Technical University of Denmark

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