Tough Times Set for Indian Poultry Sector

INDIA - The decision to raise the minimum support price (MSP) of maize by 35% has sent the grain-consuming industries into a frenzy as they battle to keep their input costs low.
calendar icon 28 August 2008
clock icon 4 minute read

Though there has been no official announcement of the price hike, sources said the Cabinet has decided to raise the MSP of maize to Rs 840 a quintal in 2008-09 from Rs 620 last year.

The dependent industries, namely the poultry and starch industry representatives, argue that the MSP hike should not have been more than 20 per cent.

The Rs 40,000-crore poultry industry, which consumes over 80 per cent of the total maize output of the country, foresees a tough situation, says Business-Standard. Similarly, the domestic starch industry feels it will have no alternative but to increase the prices of the finished products.

Anuradha Desai, chairperson of the National Egg Co-ordination Committee (NECC), said, “The entire industry has been badly hit by one bad news after the other. With the MSP revised, maize will not be available for less than Rs 1,000 a quintal in the open market. Since maize is the main ingredient for poultry feed, the production cost will go up. It will, thus, have an impact on the egg prices.”

O P Singh, former managing director of Venkateshwar Hatcheries, one of the country’s largest poultry firms, told Business Standard, “The production cost for the poultry industry will rise by at least 20 per cent as half of the feed contains maize. This will affect the prices of eggs and chicken.” It is not possible to sustain operations, if the products are selling below the production costs, he said.

According to Singh, the poultry industry is set to see a tough time. “Whatever respite players had with the main arrival season for procurement at a cheaper rate, will be snatched away due to the MSP hike,” he said. In the last arrival season in 2007, the average procurement price was Rs 700 a quintal, which this year, is slated to increase to Rs 1,000 a quintal, up 43 per cent.

After initial hiccups due to low rainfall, the acreage under maize has safely crossed the normal level as the southern part of the country witnessed good rains. Southern states such as Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh account for a majority of the country’s maize kharif crop.

According to the latest statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture, maize acreage, as on August 22, has touched 6.66 million hectares as against 7.18 million hectares in the same period last year. This has brought some relief to the poultry industry.

“Though the acreage is still lagging compared to last year, the gap has now been minimised in the past few weeks,” said Bhagaban Behera, commodity analyst at Agriwatch Commodities. Sowing has alreay crossed the normal kharif acreage level, which is 6.37 million hectares, he added.

The crop, which normally is expected by the end of September, might shift to October. Commodity analysts said that crop size of maize could be one million tonne less than last year’s production.

On the National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange, the near-month contract of maize closed on Wednesday at Rs 964 a quintal against yesterday’s close of Rs 948 a quintal.

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