International Egg and Poultry Review

US - By the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service. This is a weekly report looking at international developments concerning the poultry industry. This week's report covers the poultry situation and outlook in Canada.
calendar icon 24 September 2008
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Canada Publishes Safeguard Price and Volume Triggers

The Government of Canada has given notice of the volume and price triggers that will be used to operationalize the World Trade Organization (WTO) Special Agricultural Safeguard (SSG) for Canada's supply-managed products. The Special Agricultural Safeguard is a provision that allows additional duties to be triggered automatically when import volumes rise above a certain level, or if prices fall below a certain level. The government's notice containing the price and volume triggers for the various tariff lines is available at the following web site:

The price trigger is an average reference price derived from average unit value of the imported product, or cost at the border of the importing country from years 1986-1988. These are historic prices and are therefore quite low and unlikely to be activated. Canada's volume trigger is based on 125 per cent of the three-year average total imports. Canada has included supplementary imports in its calculations of the volume triggers. WTO rules require that any member taking action on the SSG notify the WTO Committee on Agriculture.

Canada's supply-managed sector is protected by a tariff rate quota system that allows a fixed quantity (quota) of a product into Canada at a low-tariff rate and, once that quota has been reached, subsequent imports of the product are subject to prohibitively high tariffs. However, Canada regularly issues supplementary import permits, such as when there are product shortages in the domestic market, and for the Import to Re-Export Program (IREP), where chicken processors can import chicken under a supplementary import licence for use in processing provided they export the associated processed product. These supplementary imports are not subject to the high over-quota access tariffs (i.e. tariff-free). As a result, total import volume levels often appear to exceed the established quota level by a substantial amount.
Source: USDA/FAS

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.
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