Mississippi Poultry Remains a Success

US - Mississippi's poultry industry remains the state's top agricultural commodity by responding to export market changes and meeting the needs of consumers.
calendar icon 17 December 2010
clock icon 4 minute read

Poultry ended the year with an estimated $2.5 billion production value, an eight per cent increase from 2009. That figure includes a broiler value of $2.3 billion, eggs at $178 million and chickens at $5 million.

Agricultural economist, John Michael Riley, of the Mississippi State University Extension Service, explained: "The increase in poultry value stems from all segments of the industry. Broiler production increased almost $175 million, up a little more than eight per cent from 2009. That segment saw an increase each month from November 2009 to November 2010. Egg production had an increase of just under $19 million, which is a 12 per cent increase from 2009."

Dr Riley said increasing consumer demand was the biggest economic factor in 2010.

He said: "Consumers are continually looking for ways to trim spending, and chicken provides a low-cost protein that is also quick and easy to prepare. People are relying on in-home meal preparation rather than going out to restaurants, and this trend bodes well for the poultry industry."

Danny Thornton, MSU Extension poultry specialist, said the weakened economy did not have an adverse effect on the Mississippi poultry industry in 2010.

He said: "If anything, the current economic situation has encouraged even more consumers to turn to inexpensive ways to feed their families. Not only are consumers buying more chicken, they are buying a lot more eggs. Eggs are an incredibly cheap source of protein.”

Dr Thornton said consumers are also starting to raise their own birds for egg production.

He said: "A lot of Mississippians have been inquiring about how to raise their own poultry flocks. Many are looking for ways to cut costs, and others are interested in raising organic poultry."

He added that this new trend has not affected Mississippi’s poultry industry: "There just isn't enough of a switch to backyard flocks to take a toll on the industry. With Cal-Maine here in our state, we have access to commercially produced quality eggs, and consumers know that."

Export markets for Mississippi's poultry products remained strong in 2010, and the industry continues to look for opportunities to market their product overseas.

Dr Thornton continued: "More and more producers are taking advantage of export markets. One big area is chicken paw, or feet, exports to Asia. There has also been an increase in demand for that product here in the United States. The Mississippi poultry industry is tapping into that, selling paws to markets in California and along the East Coast."

Dr Riley said Russia placed a trade restriction earlier in the year that cut US exports to that country by 84 per cent.

He said: "Russia restricted the amount of chlorine that could be used for disinfection at processing plants. The ban was lifted in June just as there was a decline in the US dollar. The weak dollar helped increase exports because it makes our goods cheaper than those from other countries, thus providing a boost to exports."

There could be some challenges as the industry enters the new year, he said.

"Fuel and feed prices will likely be a key issue in 2011," Dr Riley said. "These prices were tempered a bit in early 2010 and surged at year's end, so there will be some hurdles with costs."

Dr Thornton said the industry is planning ahead and expanding to meet these challenges.

"The industry is stable, and that provides a solid foundation to start expanding," he said. "Peco Foods is building a state-of-the-art feed mill in the middle of the state that will replace their old facility. It'll increase their capacity to transfer ingredients more efficiently."

Even with the impressive increase in production values in 2010, the poultry industry continues to position itself for change, Dr Thornton said.

"There is ongoing talk of change and expansion," he said. "The industry remains successful because it stays a step ahead of consumers and can always offer them what they want."

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