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Fowl Typhoid Reported in Belize

by 5m Editor
15 September 2011, at 9:52am

BELIZE - The poultry industry is in a state of high alert tonight after fowl typhoid was confirmed in the Orange Walk district.

The Belize Agricultural Health Authority (BAHA), says it is maintaining an early warning and response system, after poultry specimens from the Northern district tested positive for the disease three weeks ago, reports 7NewsBelize. Fowl typhoid occurs worldwide in all young adults or mature birds. It affects mostly chickens and turkeys, and is caused by a bacteria called Salmonella gallinarum.

In a press release dated 9 September but just sent out yesterday, 14 September, BAHA says that the government has set up "a coordinated incident command structure along with industry stakeholders to contain the outbreak", which so far has been limited to Orange Walk.

In a telephone interview with Seven News, Miguel DePaz of BAHA said that so far, more than 1,000 infected birds have been destroyed and buried on site.

According to BAHA, although vaccines are available to control the disease, it has opted for strict sanitation measures at all poultry establishments, the inspection of poultry farms before slaughter of birds, and the implementation of biosecurity has been stepped up at all levels throughout the area where the outbreak occurred.

In addition, strict movement controls are in place, and farmers are being educated about the disease.

The last major outbreak of the disease in Belize happened in 1986, when both commercial and backyard poultry were affected throughout the country.

Further Reading

- Find out more information on fowl typhoid by clicking here.