CME: US/Mexico Anti-Dumping Saga Continues

US - Another week and another turn in the saga of US chicken exports to Mexico, write Steve Meyer and Len Steiner.
calendar icon 8 August 2012
clock icon 4 minute read

It appears that news wires (and us reading them) jumped the gun when, quoting Mexico’s Foreign Trade Commission (COCEX), reported that Mexico would not impose antidumping duties on imports of US leg quarters and leg/thigh meat.

The resolution published by the Mexico Ministry of Economy in the “Diario Oficial De La Federacion” noted that anti-dumping duties will indeed be imposed on imports of US chicken leg quarters. The only caveat, and which may have led to the erroneous report last week, was that the duties will not be imposed right away given that the Mexican broiler industry is struggling with the after effects of avian flu. The exact date when the duties will come into effect will be announced in the Diario Oficial (similar to the US Federal Register) at a later date.

The decision to impose anti-dumping duties on Mexican imports of leg quarters and leg/thigh meat is final. It is a victory for Industrias Bachoco, one of the applicants that brought the case before the Mexico commission and the largest poultry producer in Mexico. The US can appeal the decision before binding arbitration at WTO but that is a long process and it is ambiguous as to whether the US would win. The final resolution imposes two tariffs on imports of leg quarters and leg/thigh meat. Imports from some US companies, Simmons, Tyson, Sanderson and Pilgrim’s Pride will be assessed an anti-dumping duty of 25.7%. Imports from all other US companies will be assessed a duty of 127.5%. The reason for the two-tiered tariff is given in the lengthy final report (see link at bottom of article). The report finds that based on WTO rules and methodology, a tariff of 25.7% would be sufficient to remove injury to the domestic industry. The report noted that the price differential between domestic and imported prices in 2010 was 25.7%.

Therefore, even though the initial calculations indicate a much higher anti-dumping margin may be warranted, it is appropriate to impose a lower anti-dumping duty given the prevailing market prices at the time when the case was brought by applicants. Mexican officials also noted that based on WTO rules those companies that did not cooperate during the investigation may obtain a less favorable ruling. Per the resolution, the more favorable tariff will apply “to exporters who appeared and provided sufficient information (Simmons, Sanderson, Tyson Foods and Pilgrim's Pride Corporation), in the case of all other exporters an antidumping duty equal to the greater of the dumping margins found, which is 127.5%, will apply (our translation).” Also important to note is that the tariff will apply not just to leg quarters but to “ legs, thighs or legs attached to the thigh.” Based on USDA data, Mexico will import some 630,000 MT of broiler meat in 2012. As discussed in other reports, some 250,000 MT of US product may be impacted by the tariff although given the two-tier system, it is unknown to us what the real tariff impact will be. The real long term impact is from the flawed logic of imposing anti-dumping duties using the “constructed value” method. It opens the door for such tariffs in other markets where US exporters compete.

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