China mulls cutting protein in animal feed as soybean supply tightens

CHINA (Reuters) - The current guideline recommends only minimum levels of protein; the move is being considered due in part to higher Chinese tariffs on US soybeans, which has caused Chinese soymeal prices to reach record highs
calendar icon 12 October 2018
clock icon 3 minute read

China is considering to limit the amount of protein used to feed pigs and poultry, draft proposals from the country's industry group showed, highlighting Beijing's concern that hefty Chinese tariffs on US soybeans will tighten supplies.

China is entering what is typically its top buying season for US soybeans, a critical source of protein in livestock feeds, and the higher tariffs, part of an escalating Sino-US trade war, could drive up prices.

China's Feed Industry Association wants to limit the amount of crude protein and total phosphorus in feeds for pigs, layers, and white feathered broilers at different growth stages, to "reduce consumption of raw materials for feed, and reduce environmental pollution from animal farming," according to a draft document published on the semi-official industry group's website in late September.

The current guidelines only have recommended minimum levels of protein for livestock feeds.

"If the new guidelines get implemented, the amount of soymeal used in feed will drop as now there would be a cap for protein levels," said a manager at one of China's major feed producers.

Under the proposed guidelines, for example, farmers were advised to feed their pigs weighing over 100 kilograms till they go to the slaughterhouse with feeds containing 10-12.5 percent of protein, according to the document.

That would be lower than what Chinese farmers usually feed their grown pigs, which is 13-14 percent of protein, according to experts.

The association has sought public opinion for the proposal that needs to be completed by 15 October. The guidelines will need approval from the Chinese government before being implemented.

Beijing imposed 25 percent tariffs on $34 billion worth of US products including soybeans on July 6, in response to US tariffs on Chinese goods of the same amount.

The world's top consumer of the oilseed is seeking various ways to cut soymeal in animal feed including turning to alternative meals and reducing protein levels.

"China faces feed resources shortage and has been relying on imports for feed proteins for long, which has become a bottleneck that hinders the development of our feed industry and animal farming," according to the document.

With soymeal prices soaring on trade war worries, analysts say Chinese farmers and feed producers will be more motivated to cut soymeal use in animal feed.

Chinese soymeal prices have jumped 20 percent since early June, to a record high of 3,539 yuan ($511) per tonne on Thursday.

$1 = 6.9234 Chinese yuan

Reporting by Hallie Gu and Tom Daly Editing by Manolo Serapio Jr

Ryan Johnson

Editor at The Poultry Site

Ryan worked in conservation from 2008 to 2017, during which time he operated a rainbow trout hatchery and helped to maintain public and protected green spaces in Canada for the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority. As editor of The Poultry Site, he now writes about challenges and opportunities in agriculture across the globe.

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