China paves way for GMO approvals

The proposed rule changes should lead to commercial cultivation of GM corn
calendar icon 18 November 2021
clock icon 6 minute read

Details of the planned regulatory overhaul for the seed industry were published last week by the agriculture ministry in a draft document that is open for public comment until 12 December, reported Reuters.

The proposed changes mean that a handful of recently approved GM traits developed by Chinese companies could be ready for market launch in a year.

"It's a big step," said Liu Shi, a vice president of Beijing Dabeinong Technology Group Co Ltd. The company already has several GM traits approved as safe and is expected to be one of the first firms to commercialise GM corn in China.

Shares of Dabeinong shares fell 6% on Monday, while those of rival Yuan Longping High-Tech Agriculture Co Ltd fell 10%.

Last year, China's leadership called for an urgent "turnaround" in the seed industry. It has been struggling with overcapacity and rampant infringement of intellectual property that has stifled innovation.

The ministry of agriculture and rural affairs said in a statement that the changes implement decisions by the cabinet and the powerful central committee of the ruling Communist Party on safe management of genetically modified organisms and development of a modern seed industry.

Top policymakers have also urged progress in biotech breeding, or GM crops, seen as key to ensuring food security.

While it has been heavily investing in GM research and development for years, Beijing has remained cautious, barring the planting of GM soybeans or corn, despite allowing imports for use in animal feed.

Once approved, China could plant 33 million hectares with GM corn, estimated Hua'an Securities in a note last Sunday, generating up to 5 billion yuan in income, while also creating strong market leaders and driving rapid consolidation in the industry.

The proposed changes would bring China's regulations more in line with those of other markets.

If a GM trait, also known as an 'event', has already been approved as safe by the agriculture ministry, it can be integrated into an already approved corn hybrid, for example, and only requires a one-year production trial to verify that the combination is still safe.

Previously, it was thought that China might require the product to once again undergo all safety trials from scratch.

"It clarifies the procedures for GMO variety approvals and simplifies the process," said Han Gengchen, chairman of Origin Agritech Ltd, the first Chinese company to develop GM corn crops.

"It will accelerate GMO corn commercial production."

It is still unclear when the first commercial crops would be approved.

Dabeinong is ready to start production trials now for its DBN9936 insect-resistant and herbicide-tolerant corn, said Liu, and is also "bulking up" its in-bred lines to produce enough parent seed to prepare for commercial sales.

If production trials are completed by the end of 2022 and approval granted, Dabeinong could start small-scale commercial sales in spring 2023.

It is unclear if Beijing would recognise previous field demonstration trials done by Dabeinong and allow approval earlier, said Liu.

Hangzhou Ruifeng Biotech Co Ltd, in which Yuan Longping owns a 41.8% stake, also has an insect-resistant, herbicide-tolerant GM event approved as safe by China.

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