France faced with worst-ever avian influenza crisis

More than 11 million birds have been culled so far
calendar icon 1 April 2022
clock icon 2 minute read

France is facing its worst avian influenza crisis in history as a rare rebound in outbreaks of the highly contagious virus reached the country's largest poultry-producing regions with cullings topping more than 11 million birds, reported Reuters.

The spread of avian influenza has raised concern among governments and the poultry industry due to the losses it can cause to flocks, as well as potential trade restrictions.

The virus, brought by wild birds migrating in the autumn, hit all countries in the 27-member European Union except Malta and Cyprus, with Italy suffering the most damage. Outbreaks had nearly ended in virtually all of them by the end of March, data from the Word Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) showed, apart from France.

After a first wave led to the culling of around 4 million birds in the southwestern part of the country, France has been facing outbreaks believed to have been brought by wild birds on their way back, the first time this has happened in a significant way.

The H5N1 virus has spread rapidly in the Pays de la Loire region since last month and hit Brittany mid-March, further up the Atlantic coast. The two regions are France's largest poultry producers.

By 23 March, nearly 11 million birds had been culled in France since the first outbreak on 26 November, OIE data showed, making it the most severe avian influenza crisis ever in the country.

Since then, outbreaks rose by another 13% in just one week, to 1,098 by 30 March, government data showed.

The United States is also facing its worst avian influenza crisis since 2015 when nearly 50 million birds were killed.

The crisis comes as farmers are already facing soaring feed prices linked to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, a key grain exporter, and supply-chain problems. Grains are the main ingredient used in poultry diets.

"This situation is dramatic for farmers and will lead to a reduction in slaughtering activity or even the temporary shutdown of certain sites," France's LDC, the EU's largest poultry producer, said.

The company will virtually halt four slaughterhouses, producing 1.1 million poultry per week, for up to eight weeks, Gilles Huttepain, former LDC chairman and vice-chairman of French poultry lobby Anvol, said.

However, companies will compensate part of the volume by increasing output at other sites, he said.

Shoppers might find some poultry in short supply, like turkey due to the time it takes to rear, but supplies won't be entirely wiped out, Huttepain said.

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