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Chinese Study Examines Rooster Sperm Competition

12 April 2013

CHINA - Maintaining a time interval of 12 days between inseminations and repeatedly inseminating females by a different male every four days allowed the elimination of the influence of the previous AI within 14 days, according to researchers in Guangzhou.

When hens are inseminated by different types of roosters, natural elimination of the influence of insemination by a previous rooster may require some time, reducing the breeding activity of the hens, according J. Ma and colleagues at the Guangdong Academy of Agriculture Sciences in China.

In Journal of Applied Poultry Research, they report two separate experiments were conducted to determine the effects of sperm competition between two breeder males on reducing the time interval which eliminated the influence of previous artificial insemination (AI).

At the conclusion of the experiments, sperm retained their activity even after 20 days in a non-competitive situation.

When females were artificially inseminated by different types of roosters, if the time interval between AI was less than 12 days, 14 days were required to eliminate the influence of the previous AI in the sperm competition even if the females were repeatedly inseminated by the second type of breeder males.

However, if the duration between AI was more than 12 days, AI once by a different type of breeder males was sufficient to prevent the spermatisation of the previous male.

The current study suggests that maintaining a time interval of 12 days between inseminations and repeatedly inseminating females by a different type of breeder male every four days allowed the elimination of the influence of the previous AI within 14 days, according to Ma and colleagues. This duration was seven days less than that required for the natural elimination of the influence of the previous AI, and such a situation could be easily manipulated.

Reference

Ma J., P. Chen, G. Xu, Z. Peng, C. Yang, D. Shu, J. Wang, C. Luo and H. Qu. 2013. Sperm competition greatly decreases the time interval when breeder hens are artificially inseminated by different cockerels. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 22(1):19-26. doi: 10.3382/japr.2012-00532

Further Reading

You can view the full report (fee payable) by clicking here.

ThePoultrySite News Desk



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