World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimate - September 2010

The forecast for 2011 has been reduced as higher feed prices encourage cattle producers to keep cattle on forage longer and tempers pork, broiler, and turkey production gains, according to the USDA World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
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Livestock, Dairy and Poultry

Total US meat production forecasts for 2010 and 2011 are reduced slightly from last month. The forecast for 2010 is reduced as lower pork and broiler production more than offset an increase in beef production. The 2011 forecast is reduced as higher feed prices encourage cattle producers to keep cattle on forage longer and tempers pork, broiler, and turkey production gains. USDA’s Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report will be released on 24 September and will provide an indication of sow farrowing intentions into early 2011. Egg production forecasts for 2010 are adjusted to reflect a revision in second-quarter production but the 2011 forecast is unchanged.

Beef imports are reduced for 2010 and 2011 as imports have been lower than expected. Export forecasts for beef are raised on continuing strong sales to a number of markets. Pork and poultry trade forecasts are unchanged from last month.

Livestock and poultry prices for 2010 are raised but forecasts for 2011 cattle and hog prices are unchanged. The broiler and turkey price forecasts for 2011 are raised slightly on expected tightness in supplies. Egg prices for 2010 are forecast higher due to the recent spike in third-quarter prices, but the forecast for 2011 is unchanged.

Forecast milk production for 2010 and 2011 is raised from last month. Producers continue to add cows to the herd and inventories are forecast to increase into mid-2011. The rate of growth in milk per cow is also increased from last month. Fat basis export forecasts for 2010 are raised on strong sales of butterfat and cheese, but 2011 exports are lowered. Skim-solids exports for 2010 and 2011 are forecast higher than last month. Imports are reduced from last month due to higher US production and strong demand in other importing countries. Ending stocks for 2011 are increased as US production is forecast higher.

Strong demand for cheese and tight supplies of butter support higher forecast prices for 2010 and 2011. Stronger demand is forecast to absorb most of the increased production although prices are expected to be tempered during the latter part of 2011. Price forecasts for nonfat dry milk (NDM) are raised for 2010, but the 2011 forecast is unchanged from last month as increased supplies limit price gains. The whey price forecast is unchanged. Both Class III and Class IV price forecasts for 2010 and 2011 are raised due to the higher product prices. The all milk price is forecast to average $16.25 to $16.45 per cwt for 2010 and $15.85 to $16.85 per cwt for 2011.


US wheat ending stocks for 2010/11 are projected lower this month with higher expected world demand for US wheat. Strong early season sales and reduced supplies in EU-27, particularly of higher quality wheat, support an improved outlook for US exports. Wheat exports are projected 50 million bushels higher with larger expected shipments of Hard Red Winter, Hard Red Spring, and White wheat. Projected ending stocks are lowered by the same amount to 902 million bushels. At the projected level, stocks would remain the second highest in more than a decade. The 2010/11 season-average farm price is projected at $4.95 to $5.65 per bushel, compared with $4.70 to $5.50 last month.

Global wheat supplies for 2010/11 are projected down 0.7 million tons as higher carryin mostly offsets a 2.7-million-ton reduction in world output. Much of the offset is explained by Canada, where beginning stocks are increased 1.5 million tons, as reported by Statistics Canada, and production is increased by 2.0 million tons. These changes mostly offset lower production in Russia and EU-27. Production for Russia is lowered 2.5 million tons based on the latest harvest results for the drought-affected central growing areas in the Volga and Urals Federal Districts. EU-27 production is lowered 2.4 million tons with the largest reductions for Hungary and Romania where heavy summer rains reduced yields. Smaller reductions in a number of other member countries also reduce EU-27 production. Although the reduction for Germany is small, persistent and heavy August rains have reduced supplies of high quality milling wheat. Other production changes include a 0.3-million-ton reduction for Belarus and a 0.4-million-ton increase for Morocco.

World wheat trade for 2010/11 is raised with global exports projected 1.4 million tons higher. Export shifts among countries largely reflect availability of supplies and increased competition from North America. Exports are raised 2.0 million tons for Canada and 1.4 million tons for the United States. Exports are also raised 0.5 million tons each for Iran and Kazakhstan. A 0.5-million-ton increase in Russia exports reflects larger-than-expected shipments during early August, before implementation of the export ban on August 15. These increases more than offset a 3.0-million-ton reduction for EU-27 and a 0.5-million-ton reduction for Australia. EU-27 exports are lowered with reduced supplies and increased competition from Canada. Logistical constraints are expected to limit exports from Australia.

World wheat imports for 2010/11 are raised with increases for Russia and Nigeria. Imports for Russia are raised 1.4 million tons as imports from regional suppliers support domestic usage, particularly for feeding. World wheat consumption is lowered 3.8 million tons with lower consumption in EU-27, Russia, and Kazakhstan outweighing increases for Pakistan, Canada, and Nigeria. Wheat feeding is lowered 2.0 million tons for EU-27 with imported coarse grains expected to partly replace wheat in livestock and poultry rations. Global ending stocks are projected 3.0 million tons higher with increases for EU-27, Canada, and Australia. Ending stocks are lowered for Pakistan and Russia.

Coarse Grains

Projected US feed grain supplies for 2010/11 are lower this month with lower carryin and reduced production for corn and sorghum. Beginning stocks for corn are projected 40 million bushels lower with higher 2009/10 corn use for ethanol and a small increase in exports. Corn production for 2010/11 is forecast at 13,160 million bushels, down 205 million, but still the largest crop on record. The national average yield is forecast at 162.5 bushels per acre, down 2.5 bushels. The largest reductions in forecast yields are for the eastern Corn Belt, which account for more than half of the reduction in total output.

Domestic corn use for 2010/11 is lowered 100 million bushels with lower expected feed and residual use as higher prices trim feeding demand and the smaller crop reduces residual disappearance. Projected exports are raised 50 million bushels with rising world demand for coarse grains, particularly corn. US corn ending stocks are expected to decline to 1.1 billion bushels, down 196 million bushels. At this level, 2010/11 carryout would be the lowest since 2003/04. Stocks as a per centage of total use would be the lowest since 1995/96. The season-average farm price is projected at $4.00 to $4.80 per bushel, compared with $3.50 to $4.10 last month.

Other 2010/11 feed grains changes include lower projected ending stocks for sorghum and oats. Sorghum production is forecast 7 million bushels lower. Sorghum exports are raised 10 million bushels with stronger world demand for coarse grains. Sorghum feed and residual use is lowered 10 million bushels. Oats imports are lowered 10 million bushels with lower expected production in Canada.

Global coarse grain supplies for 2010/11 are projected down 8.7 million tons with reduced foreign and US production. Most of the foreign reductions this month are in EU-27 and FSU-12 countries. A 10.3-million-ton reduction in world coarse grain production for 2010/11 is partly offset by larger corn beginning stocks for Brazil with a 1.8-million-ton increase in 2009/10 corn production. Lower US and EU-27 corn production account for more than half of the reduction in 2010/11 global coarse grain output. EU-27 corn production is reduced 1.2 million tons with lower reported area and yields for France and Germany and lower reported yields for Italy, Austria, and Spain. World barley production is lowered 2.0 million tons with reductions for Russia, EU-27, Belarus, and Morocco. World oats production is reduced 0.9 million tons with lower production for EU-27, Canada, and Belarus. Lower rye production in EU-27 and Belarus lowers world output 1.0 million tons.

Global coarse grain trade is increased this month with US corn exports raised 1.3 million tons. A 0.5-million-ton reduction for EU-27 corn exports is offset by a 0.5-million-ton increase for Ukraine. Corn imports are raised 2.0 million tons for EU-27 as corn partly replaces wheat in feeding. Russia corn imports are raised 0.7 million tons helping to offset reduced supplies of feed barley. Global corn consumption is lowered as reduced prospects for corn feeding in the United States and Ukraine more than offset higher expected corn feeding in EU-27, Russia, Mexico, and Canada. Global corn ending stocks are projected 3.6 million tons lower.


US oilseed production for 2010/11 is projected at 104.8 million tons, up 1.5 million from last month. Soybean production is forecast at a record 3.483 billion bushels, up 50 million from last month based on an increase in the projected yield to a record 44.7 bushels per acre. Production of peanuts and cottonseed are also raised this month.

Soybean exports for 2010/11 are increased 50 million bushels to 1.485 billion reflecting strong early season sales and a projected increase in global import demand, especially for China. Soybean ending stocks are projected at 350 million bushels, down 10 million from last month as higher export demand more than offsets the increased supply.

Soybean exports for 2009/10 are projected at a record 1.495 billion bushels, up 25 million from last month reflecting strong shipments in the final weeks of the marketing year. The increase is partly offset with a lower residual, leaving ending stocks projected at 150 million bushels, down 10 million. Other changes for 2009/10 include reduced use of soybean oil for biodiesel and increased soybean oil exports. Season ending soybean oil stocks are projected record high at 3.21 billion pounds.

Prices for soybeans and products are all raised this month, supported by strong prices for corn and wheat. The US season-average soybean price range for 2010/11 is projected at $9.15 to $10.65 per bushel, up 65 cents on both ends of the range. The soybean meal price is projected at $270 to $310 per short ton, up $20 on both ends of the range. The soybean oil price range is projected at 37.5 to 41.5 cents per pound, up 1 cent on both ends of the range.

Global oilseed production for 2010/11 is projected at 440.6 million tons, up 0.9 million from last month. Global soybean production is projected at 254.9 million tons, up 1.2 million mainly due to a higher production forecast for the United States. China soybean production is reduced 0.2 million tons to 14.4 million based on lower yields. Global rapeseed production is projected higher as increased production for Canada more than offsets reduced crops for Russia and Ukraine. Other changes include reduced peanut and cottonseed production for China, reduced cottonseed production for Pakistan, increased cottonseed production for Australia, and reduced palm oil and palm kernel production for Indonesia.

Global oilseed trade for 2010/11 is raised 3.8 million tons to 108.7 million. China soybean imports are raised 3 million tons to 55 million, up from a revised 50 million in 2009/10. Imports are raised to reflect increased protein meal consumption and higher soybean stocks, now projected to reach 15.5 million tons. Global oilseed stocks are projected lower mainly due to reduced soybean stocks in the United States and South America.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.

September 2010
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