International Egg and Poultry Review

US - By the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service - This is a weekly report looking at international developments concerning the poultry industry.
calendar icon 25 April 2007
clock icon 4 minute read

U.S. Egg Exports

U.S. exports of total shell eggs and products (in-shell egg equivalent, including hatching eggs) amounted to 202.0 million dozen (dz) in 2006, compared to 203.3 million dz in 2005, a drop of slightly less than 1 %. The slight decline was associated directly or indirectly (trade diversions) with the recovery of several countries from outbreaks of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) that occurred in 2005 and 2006.

Table egg exports (H.S. 0407000040) totaled 55.7 million dz in 2006, down 10 % from the 61.8 million dz table eggs exported in 2005.

Exports to our top market, East Asia, fell to 24.1 million dz in 2006 compared to 30.9 million dz in 2005, a 22 % drop. North American exports dropped 11%, from 22.7 million dz in 2006 compared to 25.6 million dz in 2005 due to a sharp decrease in exports to Canada. Canada imported 17.2 million dz in 2006 down from 25.4 million dz in 2005. Exports to the Caribbean, Central America and the Former Soviet Union also fell in 2006.

Exports in 2006 surged to the EU-27, South America, the Middle East and Oceana. For the EU, exports totaled 2.2 million dz compared to .3 million in 2005 and exports to South America totaled 1.1 million dz in 2006 up from only 808 dz eggs in 2005 (.0008 million dz). Exports to the Middle East increased to 1.5 million dz from .8 million dz, up 87%. Exports to Oceana rose to 1.3 million dz in 2006 from 1.0 million in 2005, an increase of 36 %.

Source: ERS/USDA Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook; US Department of Commerce, Foreign Trade

U.S.: Northeast Region average prices on sales to volume buyers; Large (56-65g) white eggs, graded in cartons, U.S. cents per dz (USDA,/AMS Poultry Market News)

Canada: Toronto wholesale weighted average price Large (56-63g) white eggs, graded in cartons, Canadian cents per dz (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, AISD, AID, Poultry Section)

UK: London weekly average wholesale-to-retailers prices Medium (53-63g) white eggs, pence per dz (

Japan -Tokyo Wholesale Price, Yen/kg (Agriculture & Livestock Industries Corporation) Mexico - Producer Price, Non-washed, non-graded, bulk pack, peso per kg (USAPEEC with information from UNA) Philippines - Manila Wholesale Market Price, Peso/kg

*Prices are first week of month (Prices of meat and poultry were gathered by the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) from 24 wet markets and 12 supermarkets)

Prices for 63-73 gram size egg. Source and copyright: ZMP GmbH, Bonn, PreisBarometer NR 1 /6 January 2007 through NR 16 / 21 April 2007

Specialty Eggs

The U.S. Congress passed the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 to establish national standards for organically produced commodities, and the USDA implemented the standards in October 2002. During 2007 prices on large brown organic eggs to first receivers were $2.17-$2.50 for January 8 through February 5, and $2.24-$2.50 through April 23. In the EU, conventional battery cages will be outlawed in 2012. Some retailers have already begun replacing eggs from caged hens with barn, free-range and organic eggs.

Source: USDA/ERS, USDA/AMS Poultry Market News and various news sources

Prices by 100 pieces (excludes VAT). Through packing station, determined by means of various sources

To view the full report, including tables, please click here (PDF Format)

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