International Egg and Poultry Review

US - By the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS). This is a weekly report looking at international developments concerning the poultry industry. This week's report focuses on the poultry situation in Brazil.
calendar icon 4 March 2009
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Brazil Poultry Situation

Brazilian broiler and turkey production are expected to grow 3 per cent in 2009, less than previous estimates due slower growth of the Brazilian economy amidst the world economic crisis and credit crunch. Post revised 2009 broiler production estimates down to 11.360 million metric tons (MMT), from the previous estimate of 11.417 MMT. Turkey production in 2009 is now estimated at 465 thousand MT, compared to 550 thousand MT. The new estimates reflect concerns of Brazilian broiler packers with the current over supply of poultry meat and reduced international demand for Brazilian broilers.

Broiler growers are responding to industry leaders’ calls to cut production by 20 per cent during the first quarter of 2009 to adjust supply and demand. The latest industry data indicates that broiler growers placed 15.5 per cent fewer chicks for meat production in January, 4.5 per cent less than the 20 per cent target. Low corn prices may have inhibited further cuts in production.

Total Brazilian broiler exports set another record in both volume and value in 2008. Total volume exported increased by 11 per cent from 2007 to 3.6 MMT, including further processed and salted broilers. Total export value increased by 40 per cent from 2007 to nearly $7 billion in 2008, reflecting a 26 per cent increase in the average export price. However, broiler meat export projections for 2009 are lowered from 3.66 MMT to 3.3 MMT and reflect the impact of the credit crunch on broiler demand from most of the traditional markets, such as Japan, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Hong Kong. Although Brazilian officials have made progress to open new markets in China and India, it remains uncertain if exporters will be able to export to these markets in 2009.

Turkey meat export projections for 2009 are lowered from 235,000 MT to 220,000 MT. The European Union is the largest market for Brazilian turkey exports.

The Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture “Projections of Agribusiness 2008/2009 to 2018/2019” has chicken production increasing 49.4 per cent over a 10 year period, from 11.139 MMT in 2007/2008 to 15.512 MMT in 2018/2019. During this period exports are projected to increase 82.6 per cent, from 3.615 MMT in 2007/2008 to 6.602 MMT in 2018/2019.

The outlook for Brazil’s economy in 2009 is mixed, with most market analysts forecasting an economic growth at 1 to 2 per cent. Brazil was ranked 10th in the world by Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2007.The International Monetary Fund’s 2008 World Economic Outlook Update released on 28 January 2009 projected Brazil’s economy to grow 1.8 per cent in 2009, above the global average of 0.5 per cent.

Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, Attaché Reports; International Monetary Fund; news wires

New Documentation Requirements for Taiwan

The FSIS Library of Export Requirements posted an update on poultry export requirements to Taiwan on 26 February 2009. Effective 27 February 2009, FSIS form 9285-1 (04/11/2000), Certificate for Export to Taiwan for all products exported to Taiwan, now requires that for whole birds containing giblets or when packed with cut-up whole birds, the statement, "Contains Giblets" must be listed in the description of the item on FSIS Form 9285-1.

*2009 Projected
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, Production, Supply and Distribution Database, Official USDA Data

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.
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