Prospects Improve for Zambia's Broiler Industry

ZAMBIA - The poultry sector is expected to benefit from the fall in inflation and the growing popularity of the food service sector, which uses locally produced chicken cuts.
calendar icon 10 August 2010
clock icon 5 minute read

The Poultry Association of Zambia (PAZ) says that this year's inflationary trend is more likely to contribute to the industry's economic recovery and growth prospects, according to The Post of Zambia.

For the last three months, the country's inflation rate has hit single digit, a situation that has pleased most stakeholders in the local economy.

Inflation for the month of June stood at 7.8 per cent but shot up by one per cent for the month of July mainly due to an increase in both non-food and food products in the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

PAZ executive manager, Mathew Ngosa, said the growth prospects for the Zambian broiler market this year were very good because of some positive factors in the economy like the single-digit inflation that the country had recorded in the past months.

He explained: "Similar to last year, consumers will remain highly sensitive to price and value. However, the ongoing reduction in inflation may support consumption of broiler meat. At the moment, broiler meat accounts for over 90 per cent of the Zambian poultry meat market."

Mr Ngosa said Zambian consumers prefer whole chicken meat and did not import whole broiler meat as the local industry has the capacity to produce and meet the domestic demand.

He added: "To some extent the country does import 'prepared (or cooked) products of broiler meat', mainly supplied by South Africa. Domestic broiler meat holds a majority share of sales in the retail sector."

And Mr Ngosa continued that Zambia's food service sector uses large quantities of locally produced raw bulk cuts, mainly from the four major poultry processors, Verino, Crest, Eureka and Zamchick. Small processors in the market service areas distant from Lusaka.

The total consumption of broiler meat this year was marginally up from the level reached last year.

He told The Post: "Although competition with fish products and even with pork has remained strong, chicken and the cooked chicken products are expected to retain their competitive edge. However, given the rapid increase in frozen poultry stocks and drastic increase in broiler meat cuts, PAZ has projected upward for the domestic broiler production this year."

Mr Ngosa said assuming solid retail demand for competitively priced domestic broiler meat in 2010, domestic broiler outputs are projected slightly higher than the previous year and 15 per cent above the previous forecast.

PAZ had initially projected output slightly lower than the previous year based on the assumption that domestic growers would start to adjust their production in response to considerably weakened market prices for produce in 2009, but this no longer seems to hold true.

Mr Ngosa added that there will be an increased number of broiler chicks placed this year, according to PAZ survey conducted at the end of April, which points to higher domestic broiler output than last year.

He explained: "Significantly lower monthly poultry stocks than last year may help to fend off further downward pressure on price for domestic cuts this year. Thus, PAZ expects that market prices for domestic broiler cuts and whole meat will remain roughly the same as the previous year and stay competitive through this year.

"This could effectively increase prospects for overall price recovery for domestic producers coupled with the likelihood of the offset by the reduced costs of inputs, particularly with the decreasing price of poultry feeds."

In 2009, Zambia's total broiler consumption was sustained at a relatively low level due to the difficulties that came with the economic melt down and production went down by 40 per cent.

He said: "This reduction was largely due to market prices being lower than the production costs and a decrease in the average household purchase of chicken products pointed to weak retail sales for chicken in 2009 which resulted in fairly weak food service sales."

However, Mr Ngosa added that there was a contrast this year as the food-service demand for chicken meat cuts and whole meat had reportedly began to fairly increase once again, reports The Post.

He said: "The increase in demand has been exacerbated by the growing demand in the fast-food segment and ready-to-eat foods, sales at restaurant family style chains, drinking pubs and coffee/tea shops. This, in turn, has led to positive sales of domestic chicken cuts and whole meat in the retail sector in 2010. It is hoped that such trends will continue to rise as the broiler subsector tries to recapture its profitability and this will help develop the entire poultry industry further."

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